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TABLE OF CONTENTS
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

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  1. Introduction Unit Eighteen Unit Six Unit Twelve TABLE OF CONTENTS Unit Thirteen Unit Nineteen Unit One Unit Seven Unit Two Unit Eight Unit Fourteen Unit Twenty Unit Twenty-One Unit Three Unit Nine Unit Fifteen Unit Twenty-Two Unit Sixteen Unit Ten Unit Four Unit Eleven Unit Seventeen Unit Five

  2. INTRODUCTION The first slide provides the vocabulary word. Use this to begin thinking about the definition. Back to Table of Contents

  3. INTRODUCTION The first click will reveal a context in which the word might be used. Infer the definition of the word by studying its context. Back to Table of Contents

  4. INTRODUCTION A second click provides the definition of the word. Back to Table of Contents

  5. UNIT ONE Back to Table of Contents

  6. Unit One FAC Latin FACERE, FACTUM “to make, do” • DISCOMFIT • Although the presence of a large audience discomfitedthe violinist, she gave a magnificent performance. • v. To embarrass and confuse • syn: perturb • ant: relax Back to Table of Contents

  7. Unit One FAC Latin FACERE, FACTUM “to make, do” • EDIFICATION • Mrs. Marple, an etiquette expert, often gives hints for the edificationof her audience. • n. Improvement or enlightenment • L. aedis, “building,” + factum = to make a building, to build up • syn: betterment Back to Table of Contents

  8. Unit One FAC Latin FACERE, FACTUM “to make, do” • MALFEASANCE • The reporter uncovered a complex conspiracy intended to hide the mayor’s latest malfeasance. • n. Misconduct or wrongdoing, especially by a public official • L. mal, “bad,” + facere = doing bad • syn: wrongdoing Back to Table of Contents

  9. Unit One FAC Latin FACERE, FACTUM “to make, do” • FEASIBLE • The Board of Education could not find a feasiblesolution to the overcrowding of city schools. • adj. Capable of being accomplished • syn: possible • ant: impossible Back to Table of Contents

  10. The shark feasted on a SURFEIT of SURFERS. Unit One FAC Latin FACERE, FACTUM “to make, do” • SURFEIT • A surfeitof army boots led to lack of space in the warehouse. • n. Condition of being too full; overabundance • L. sur, “over,” + facere = too much made • syn: abundance • ant: shortage; dearth Back to Table of Contents

  11. Unit One OPUS • Latin OPUS, OPERIS “work” OPS, OPIS, “wealth, power, resource” • MAGNUM OPUS • Wagner’s “Ring Trilogy” is considered by many to be the composer’s magnum opus. • n. The greatest work of an artist, writer, or composer • L. magnum, “great,” + opus = great work • syn: pinnacle Back to Table of Contents

  12. Unit One OPUS • Latin OPUS, OPERIS “work” OPS, OPIS, “wealth, power, resource” • MODUS OPERANDI • The criminal’s modus operandiwas one that the police had seen only rarely in the past. • n. Manner of working • L. modus, “way,” + operandi “of working” = way of working Back to Table of Contents

  13. Unit One OPUS • Latin OPUS, OPERIS “work” OPS, OPIS, “wealth, power, resource” • OPULENT • Having made his fortune in computer sales, Kit retired to an opulentestate on a private island. • adj. Possessing or exhibiting great wealth; affluent Back to Table of Contents

  14. Unit One ERG • Greek ERGON “work” • SYNERGY • The synergyof the two networks allowed for faster and more powerful transmission of information. • n. The power that results from the combination of two or more forces • G. syn, “together,” + ergon = working together • syn: confluence Back to Table of Contents

  15. Unit One ERG • Greek ERGON “work” • LITURGY • In a traditional Roman Catholic mass, the priest leads the congregation in the liturgy. • n. A pattern of prayer or worship • G. leiton, “town gathering,” + ergon = public work Back to Table of Contents

  16. Unit One ERG • Greek ERGON “work” • LETHARGY • As Jack’s lethargyincreased, he found himself unable to concentrate on his work. • n. A state of sluggishness, inactivity, and apathy • G. lethe, “forgetfulness,” + a, “without,” + ergon = forgetful idleness • syn: laziness • ant: activity Back to Table of Contents

  17. Unit One LABOR • Latin LABOR “work” • LABORIOUS • Reading the article was so laboriousthat I left the library exhausted. • adj. Requiring mental or physical effort • syn: industrious Back to Table of Contents

  18. Unit One LABOR • Latin LABOR “work” • BELABOR • 1. There is no need to belaborthis topic; let us talk of other things. • 2. Movie critics belaboredthat actor for his terrible movies. • v. 1. To discuss in too much detail; 2. To attack Back to Table of Contents

  19. Unit One LABOR • Latin LABOR “work” • ELABORATE • When asked to elaborateon his proposal for the new park, the mayor said only that it was in the planning stages. • v. To explain in greater detail • L. e, “out of,” + labor = to work out Back to Table of Contents

  20. UNIT TWO Back to Table of Contents

  21. Unit Two STA, STI • Latin STARE, STANTUM “stand, stay” • STANCH • Desperate to stanchthe blood seeping from the wound, the doctor decided to put a tourniquet on the patient’s arm above the elbow. • v. To stop the flow of • syn: cease Back to Table of Contents

  22. Unit Two STA, STI • Latin STARE, STANTUM “stand, stay” • STAUNCH • Though Reverend Lockwood was a staunchbeliever in the goodness of humanity, he found his faith tested by the horrible events of that week. • adj. Firm and steadfast • syn: strong • ant: fickle, wavering Back to Table of Contents

  23. Unit Two STA, STI • Latin STARE, STANTUM “stand, stay” • EXTANT • Scientists continue to search through the remains of the museum in the hopes that they will discover some extantworks of art. • adj. Still in existence; not destroyed • L. ex, “from,” + stantum = staying from • syn: existing • ant: extinct Back to Table of Contents

  24. Unit Two STA, STI • Latin STARE, STANTUM “stand, stay” • RESTIVE • 1. Police feared the townspeople would grow restiveunder the strict curfew and begin to engage in acts of civil disorder. • 2. The elderly man expected the children to become restiveduring his long speech, but they listened attentively instead. • adj. 1. Resisting authority; difficult to control; 2. Restless; fidgety • L. re, “back,” + stare = to stand back Back to Table of Contents

  25. Unit Two POS • Latin PONERE, POSITUM “to put, place” • APROPOS • Aproposof Jim’s speech on nuclear energy, Dawn mentioned that a new power plant would be built in the neighboring town. • prep. With regard to • L. a, “to, toward,” + pro, “forth,” + positum = towards what has been put forth • syn: proper • ant: inappropriate Back to Table of Contents

  26. Unit Two POS • Latin PONERE, POSITUM “to put, place” • DEPOSE • The rule of Czar Nicholas came to an end when the Czar and other members of the royal family were deposedand murdered by rebel forces. • v. To remove from office or power • L. de, “down,” + positum = put down • ant: elect Back to Table of Contents

  27. Unit Two STAS, STAT • Greek STATOS “standing” • STATIC • Critics found the composer’s latest work static, boring, and lacking in emotional development. • adj. Having no motion or change • syn: still • ant: dynamic Back to Table of Contents

  28. Unit Two STAS, STAT • Greek STATOS “standing” • ECSTASY • The ecstasyBob felt after watching the Yankees win the World Series was matched only by his joy at the birth of his daughter. • n. Intense joy or delight • G. ec, “out of,” + stasis = standing outside (one’s body) • syn: joy • ant: misery Back to Table of Contents

  29. Unit Two STAS, STAT • Greek STATOS “standing” • STASIS • Scientists find it difficult to accurately predict climate patterns because the environment is not in stasis, but constantly changing. • n. Condition in which there is no change • syn: equilibrium, balance Back to Table of Contents

  30. Unit Two ENT, ESS • Latin ESSE “to be” • ENTITY • For tax purposes, a married couple may be considered either two people or a single entity. • n. a being Back to Table of Contents

  31. Unit Two ENT, ESS • Latin ESSE “to be” • ESSENCE • After months of preparation, the lawyers finally began to discuss the essenceof the case. • n. The most important ingredient; the crucial element • syn: crux Back to Table of Contents

  32. We watched the QUEEN’S ASCENT up Everest, the QUINTESSENTIAL mountain. Unit Two ENT, ESS • Latin ESSE “to be” • QUINTESSENTIAL • The goalie declared that the Rangers’ victory in the last second of the final game was his quintessentialsports triumph. • adj. The most typical, ideal, or important • L. quintus, “fifth,” + esse = fifth state of being, fifth essence • syn: essential Back to Table of Contents

  33. UNIT THREE Back to Table of Contents

  34. Unit Three VERD, VIRID • Latin VIRIDUS “green” • VERDURE • For decades, tourists have visited the botanical garden to marvel at its astonishing verdure. • n. Greenery; fresh and ripe vegetation • syn: foliage Back to Table of Contents

  35. Unit Three VERD, VIRID • Latin VIRIDUS “green” • VERDANT • Because of the sunny days, the land was verdantand the harvest was full. • adj. Green; lush with vegetation • ant: barren Back to Table of Contents

  36. Unit Three VERD, VIRID • Latin VIRIDUS “green” • VIRIDITY • Quentin’s viriditywas a sure sign that he had led a very sheltered life. • n. Lack of experience; innocence Back to Table of Contents

  37. Unit Three CAND • Latin CANDIDUS “white, pure” CANDERE, CANDITUM “to glow, to burn” • CANDID • In the privacy of my own home, I gave the film crew my candidopinion about the matter. • adj. Open and sincere • syn: frank • ant: duplicitous Back to Table of Contents

  38. Unit Three CAND • Latin CANDIDUS “white, pure” CANDERE, CANDITUM “to glow, to burn” • CANDOR • Donald showed a candorthat was unique among the politicians in the race. • n. Frankness or sincerity of expression; openness • syn: truth • ant: falseness Back to Table of Contents

  39. Unit Three CAND • Latin CANDIDUS “white, pure” CANDERE, CANDITUM “to glow, to burn” • INCANDESCENT • The actress’ incandescentgold gown was the talk of all the celebrities at the awards ceremony last night. • adj. Shining brilliantly • L. in, “very” + candere = glowing intensely Back to Table of Contents

  40. Unit Three PALL • Latin PALLERE “to be pale” • PALLOR • The guilty man’s face took on a distinct pallor, and his hands began to tremble. • n. Extreme or unnatural paleness • ant: flushed Back to Table of Contents

  41. Unit Three PALL • Latin PALLERE “to be pale” • PALLID • Patrick knew that Juliette was sick when he saw the young girl’s pallidface. • adj. Lacking color; dull • syn: wan Back to Table of Contents

  42. When the corpse sat up, the PALLBEARERS were APPALLED. Unit Three PALL • Latin PALLERE “to be pale” • APPALL • Karl was appalledto learn that the beautiful old museum was going to be replaced by a shopping mall. • v. To fill with horror or disapproval • L. ad, “toward,” + pallere = towards paleness • syn: horrify Back to Table of Contents

  43. Unit Three LIVID • Latin LIVIDUS “bluish-black” • LIVID • When the receptionist suggested that I leave the office, I became lividand threatened to sue. • adj. Enraged; furious Back to Table of Contents

  44. Unit Three NIGR • Latin NIGER “black” • DENIGRATE • The notoriously harsh theatre critic rarely hesitated to denigrateeven the most famous and respected actors. • v. To attack the character of; to mock • L. de, “very,” + niger = to intensely blacken (the reputation of) • syn: belittle • ant: praise Back to Table of Contents

  45. UNIT FOUR Back to Table of Contents

  46. Unit Four PECC • Latin PECCARE, PECCATUM “to sin, to be flawed” • PECCADILLO • Leonard grew so irritated by his roommate’s peccadilloesthat he threatened to move out. • n. A small sin or fault Back to Table of Contents

  47. Unit Four PECC • Latin PECCARE, PECCATUM “to sin, to be flawed” • IMPECCABLE • Oliver’s impeccablecomic timing made him the center of every party. • adj. Having no flaws • L. in, “not,” + peccare = not sinning • syn: perfect • ant: flawed Back to Table of Contents

  48. Unit Four PECC • Latin PECCARE, PECCATUM “to sin, to be flawed” • PECCANT • The seamstress was exiled from the colony for her supposedly peccantactivity. • adj. Violating a moral law; sinful Back to Table of Contents

  49. Unit Four PEJ, PAIR • Latin PEJOR “worse” • PEJORATIVE • Mosheh was clearly disturbed by the pejorativecomments used in the review of his latest album. • adj. Negative and critical; insulting • syn: belittling, derogatory • ant: praising Back to Table of Contents