Early 20th Century Modern Art Part III
Suprematism • Concerned with pure form: square, line, rectangle • Shapes not related to actual objects • “Supremacy of pure feeling”
Constructivism • Construct art not create it • Wanted to build a technological utopia • Used synthetic materials: glass, plastic, metal
Productivism • Functional art, not abstract • Art should create useful products for the new society • “Art is a social product, conditioned by the social environment.”
Some Questions to Consider • What are the dominant colors? • What are the basic shapes? • What is the relationship of the title to the work? • What is the approach to abstraction in each work?
Bauhaus • A movement/method not a style • Improve human condition • Simple, streamlined houses for workers • Mass producible methods; machine design • Craftsmanship important • Blurred boundaries between art, craft, architecture • Everything can be designed: chair to faucet
Traits of Bauhaus Architecture • Free plan interiors; no interior load-bearing walls • Use of concrete, glass, & steel • Stark white cubes • Unadorned wall surfaces: “no romantic embellishment or whimsy” • Strip windows flush with wall plane • Flat roofs
His great discovery, he said was “the idea of eliminating the containment which is the box, reaching out and amplifying space, dragging things in from the outside”
Prairie School • Integration with landscape • Horizontal orientation • Natural materials • Broad overhanging eaves (cantilever) • Horizontal bands of windows • Craftsmanship • Disciplined use of ornament
Cantilever is a beam supported on only one end. The beam carries the load to the support where it is resisted by moment and shear stress. Cantilever construction allows for overhanging structures without external bracing.