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Early 20 th Century

Early 20 th Century

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Early 20 th Century

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  1. Early 20th Century Modern Art Part III

  2. Russian Avant Garde

  3. Malevich, Suprematist Composition: Airplane Flying, 1915

  4. Malevich, Suprematist Composition: Airplane Flying, 1915

  5. Suprematism • Concerned with pure form: square, line, rectangle • Shapes not related to actual objects • “Supremacy of pure feeling”

  6. Gabo, Column, 1923

  7. Constructivism • Construct art not create it • Wanted to build a technological utopia • Used synthetic materials: glass, plastic, metal

  8. Tatlin, Monument to the Third International, 1919-1920

  9. Productivism • Functional art, not abstract • Art should create useful products for the new society • “Art is a social product, conditioned by the social environment.”

  10. Compare and contrast these

  11. Some Questions to Consider • What are the dominant colors? • What are the basic shapes? • What is the relationship of the title to the work? • What is the approach to abstraction in each work?

  12. The Bauhaus and the International Style

  13. Gropius, the Bauhaus, 1925-1926, Dessau Germany

  14. Gropius, the Bauhaus, 1925-1926, Dessau, Germany

  15. Bauhaus • A movement/method not a style • Improve human condition • Simple, streamlined houses for workers • Mass producible methods; machine design • Craftsmanship important • Blurred boundaries between art, craft, architecture • Everything can be designed: chair to faucet

  16. Traits of Bauhaus Architecture • Free plan interiors; no interior load-bearing walls • Use of concrete, glass, & steel • Stark white cubes • Unadorned wall surfaces: “no romantic embellishment or whimsy” • Strip windows flush with wall plane • Flat roofs

  17. LeCourbusier, Villa Savoye, 1929, Poissy-sur-Seine, France

  18. LeCourbusier, Villa Savoye, 1929

  19. LeCourbusier, Notre-Dame-du-Haut, 1950-1955

  20. LeCourbusier, Notre-Dame-du-Haut, 1950-1955, Ronchamp, France

  21. LeCourbusier, Notre-Dame-du-Haut, 1950-1955

  22. LeCourbusier, Notre-Dame-du-Haut, 1950-1955

  23. LeCourbusier, Notre-Dame-du-Haut, 1950-1955

  24. Frank Lloyd Wright

  25. His great discovery, he said was “the idea of eliminating the containment which is the box, reaching out and amplifying space, dragging things in from the outside”

  26. Wright, Robie House, 1907-1908

  27. Wright, Robie House, Chicago, Illinois, 1907-1908

  28. Wright, Robie House, Chicago, Illinois, 1907-1908

  29. Wright, Robie House, 1907-1908

  30. Wright, Robie House, 1907-1908

  31. Prairie School • Integration with landscape • Horizontal orientation • Natural materials • Broad overhanging eaves (cantilever) • Horizontal bands of windows • Craftsmanship • Disciplined use of ornament

  32. Wright, Fallingwater, Bear Run, Pennsylvania,1936-1939

  33. Wright, Fallingwater, Bear Run, Pennsylvania,1936-1939

  34. Cantilever is a beam supported on only one end. The beam carries the load to the support where it is resisted by moment and shear stress. Cantilever construction allows for overhanging structures without external bracing.

  35. Wright, Fallingwater, Bear Run, Pennsylvania,1936-1939

  36. Wright, Falling Water, 1936-1939

  37. Wright, Guggenheim Museum, 1943-1959 New York, NY

  38. Wright, Guggenheim Museum, 1943-1959 New York, NY

  39. Wright, Guggenheim Museum, 1943-1959 New York, NY

  40. Wright, Guggenheim Museum, 1943-1959 New York, NY

  41. Wright, Guggenheim Museum, 1943-1959 New York, NY

  42. Wright, Guggenheim Museum, 1943-1959 New York, NY

  43. Depression Art

  44. Dorothea Lange

  45. Lange, Migrant Mother, 1935