Webs of Words : Issues in Vocabulary Teaching and Learning Mapping lexis to CEFR levels A2 – B1 Portugal 2014 Bob Obee
Lesson Paths • http://bit.ly/PQW3wb
Specificity : Vocabulary • Vocabulary : significant numbers • 2,000 54,000 • 10-12 20.000 5 -17 • up to 10004,500 • 10 to 1
Vocabulary Learning • Seeing • Knowing Using • Keeping
English Profile • CLC • criterial features : • positive • negative • L1 transfer
Criterial Features • It – extraposition • It’s truethat I don’t …. B1 • It’s amazing to think that B2 • Pseudo-cleft structures • What I liked the most is … B1 • Whatfascinatedme was B2
Ways of dealing with data • A2 – C2 criterial features • Passing scripts only… • We are trying to define the criterial grammatical and lexical features that are known to learners who are successful at that level..
Transitional ‘criterial features’ • Complex structures are first learned with a relatively small number of frequent simple predicates and then extended….. • what becomes criterial at higher levels are • sets of lexical ‘triggering predicates’ that co-occur with syntactic frames
Raising structures • B1 seem • B2 appear cease fail prove turn out • B1 supposed • B2 certain likely sure unlikely
Lexico-grammar Depth of knowledge phonetic and orthographic dimensions main meanings main contexts of use syntactic properties underlying form and derivatives network of associations with other words connotations
LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT • Integrated ‘chains’ of tasks that allow students / teachers to explore different aspects of vocabulary / structure. • Communication tasks : built into language focuses that allow for personalisation/ self-investment in the language
before or after you pay. • quoteC2(before) bill A2 refund B1discount A2 • tip B1 loan B1 receipt A2 deposit B1 changeB1 • Look at these questions and comments. Each one contains a phrasal verb connected with payment or money. Which of the words above is being referred to by each speaker. • 1 How much did you get backB1 ? • 2 You can’t take it back B1 without one. • 3 When do you have to pay it backB1?
Mnemonics / Schematics / Pragmatics B1 B2 B2 B2
21st Century skills • enquiry • problem solving • critical thinking • independent learning • collaboration • information handling • creating and designing • practical skills
Grammaticisation • Lexis grammar • John leave Jane arrive • John really fancies Jane so changes his mind • John wants to avoid Jane
Grammaticisation • The Jules Rimmet trophy, great prize PROFESSION soccer, is better known as • the world cup • Think Cambridge First : Word Formation
Common ‘re-’ words used when talking about language curricular and progression • revisit • recast • reformulate • reinforce • revise • review recycle
Recasting Revisiting change of mode ..can present more challenging and creative pathways through review processes main meanings syntactic properties
Importance of reformulation A learner’s ability to process and produce ‘relexicalisations’ in speech and writing is critical to success in all skills strands of a communicative curriculum and tasks based around reformulation should feature prominently in review processes.