The Spartans. Comparing Sparta and Athens. Objective. Students will be able to compare the governments, citizenships, and roles of women in Sparta and Athens. . Essential Question. What drove Sparta to become a military state ?
Comparing Sparta and Athens
At 7 boys left home and went to school & lived in barracks.
Spent most time hunting, exercising and training w/weapons.
Taught to obey orders, not to think for themselves.
At 18 boys start 2yr program for phalanx.
After training was complete, Spartan men faced a test to become part of the men’s club of soldiers. If they failed, they were “inferiors” and became outcasts, and never became citizens.
If they passed they became “equals” and were full citizens, got membership to assembly, land worked by helots, & at 60 could become part of council of elders if elected.
Only purpose in life was to have strong, healthy babies.
Could participate in sports.
Had more freedom & responsibilities.
Could sell property
Had some education
Feared individual differences and change.
Wanted everyone to fit in.
Sparta’s oligarchy & society changed very little.