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Imperialism in Asia

Imperialism in Asia

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Imperialism in Asia

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  1. Imperialism in Asia Ms. Rebecca SS9 2010

  2. Do Now: • Why did Europeans want to take over land in Africa?

  3. Why did Europeans want to take over land in Africa? • 3 main reasons • Gain resources • Gain power • Spread religion

  4. Same reasons! • Many of these reasons were also reasons that Europeans wanted to gain colonies in Asia.

  5. Natural Resources • Europeans wanted Asian natural resources to support their growing industries.

  6. Trade • Europeans also wanted to have land in Asia because that would make it less expensive/easier for them to trade with other Asian countries like China and India.

  7. Glory • Europeans, once again, believed that having more land in places like Asia would make them look more powerful.

  8. Imperialism in India • Started with the British East India Company. In the 1600s, the company gained control over much of India.

  9. In 1858, Great Britain turned India into a colony

  10. Great Britain • ALSO unified India. It used to be many different states instead of one large country.

  11. Changes the British made to India: • 1. Made English the official language • 2. Built roads, dams and hospitals • 3. Built more schools • Are these good things?

  12. Changes the British made to India: • 1. Made English the official language • 2. Built roads, dams and hospitals • 3. Built more schools • How could these things be bad?

  13. Hospitals • Caused people to live longer. The Indian population grew, as a result of more hospitals and made it so that there wasn’t enough food to feed the growing population. • Massive poverty

  14. Cloth Industry • Indians used to make cloth by hand.

  15. Cloth Industry • The English made cloth by using machines.

  16. Cloth Industry • It was cheaper and easier for the British to make cloth so they could see their cloth in India for a lower price.

  17. Cloth Industry • More people in India bought cheap British cloth and Indian cloth businesses suffered.

  18. How did the British treat Indians? • British imperial leaders could be very mean to the Indian people.

  19. Indians in the British army • Background: Indian men were part of a British colony. As a result, they were expected to fight for the British army.

  20. Indians in the British army • BUT the British didn’t really respect Indian soldiers. They just wanted them to help the British win wars.

  21. Example • Some Indians were Muslim • They don’t eat pork • Some British weapons required men to bite off parts of ammunition with their teeth to get it ready to fire. • This ammunition was held together with pork fat. • That means that Muslim Indians would be forced to bite pork (against their religious beliefs)

  22. Example continued • Some Indian soldiers refused to use the ammunition with pork fat on it. • The British soldiers punished them (beat them) • The Indian solders were very upset about this total lack of respect for the Muslim religious beliefs so…….

  23. Indian Revolt on 1857! • The Indian solders attacked the British soldiers who they had once fought for. • Sepoy Mutiny

  24. Costly to both sides • Many British and Indian soldiers died in the fight.

  25. Results • The British gave Indian officials more power to rule with respect for Indian culture.

  26. Indians wanted more • They wanted self-rule like the British gave to Canada, Australia, and New Zealand.

  27. They also wanted independence • From British rule.

  28. Indians formed groups to push for independence • 1885- Hindu leaders formed the Indian National Congress (INC) • 1906- Muslim leaders formed the Muslim League

  29. Imperialism in China • During the 1700s, British people LOVED Chinese tea and they bought a lot of Chinese things. China made a lot of money from this.

  30. China didn’t want British stuff • The Chinese didn’t really have a demand from British goods. • The British were upset about this. They wanted to make money from the Chinese so, they decided to sell them something that wasn’t from Great Britain: opium.

  31. Opium • Addictive drug grown especially in places like Afghanistan. • It was easy for the British to get from the middle east and sell to the Chinese for a huge profit.

  32. Why did the Chinese want it? • The British only had to get Chinese people to try opium a few times before they got addicted and needed to buy more and more.

  33. It worked! • The Chinese became addicted to opium and the British got rich selling it to them.

  34. Chinese leaders were very upset • One official asked Queen Victoria from Great Britain to stop the opium trade.

  35. The Queen didn’t stop the opium trade so….. • In 1839, war broke out between China and Great Britain. It was called the Opium War.

  36. The Opium War • The British won the war because they had better weapons.

  37. The Treaty of Nanking • The war ended with the Treaty of Nanking in 1842.

  38. Results of the Opium War: • The British forced the Chinese to open more port cities. • The Chinese gave the British control of Hong Kong.

  39. Many Europeans came into China • European nations and Japan came into China. • They DIDN’T set up colonies or protectorates but they set up spheres of influence where they still had some impact of the people in the region.

  40. Sphere of Influence • Each foreign nation that came into China had some special trading rights.

  41. What did this mean for China? • Many foreign powers controlled the Chinese economy.

  42. Chinese people didn’t like this. • They wanted reform (change)

  43. The Qing Dynasty • was in power in China during the time of the Opium War. But it had grown weak.

  44. Hong Xi Uquan • Was a man who led a rebellion to get rid of the Qing dynasty. • This rebellion was called: The Taiping Rebellion

  45. The Taiping Rebellion • Deadliest war of the 1800s. • Millions killed • Foreign powers helped end the rebellion in 1864 but the Qing Dynasty was weakened.

  46. Imperialism in Southeast Asia and the Pacific • In Southeast Asia: • The French took over Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. All of these combined were called: French Indochina.

  47. The British • Took over Burma (Myanmar today).

  48. The United States • Took over the Philippines. • The Philippines used to be ruled by the Spanish until the U.S. defeated the Spanish in 1898 during the Spanish American War.

  49. The United States • Also took over Hawaii and Guam.

  50. The New Japan • In the early 1800s, the Japanese were unhappy with their government and wanted a change.