Imperialism in Southeast Asia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. Imperialism in Southeast Asia Chapter 11: Section 5 Ms. Garratt

  2. What is the Pacific Rim?

  3. Explain European Intervention • Strategic interests • Malayan Peninsula • Singapore • Economic • Markets • Raw materials • Plantation Crops (rubber, tropical plants) • Cultural-religious • Missionaries

  4. The Dutch • Portugal • Dutch East India Company controlled all of the Indonesian archipelago • Called Dutch East Indies • Rich in plantation crops, oil • & rubber • Rigid social structure

  5. Dutch East Indies

  6. Plantation Agriculture - Rubber

  7. The British & the Malayan Peninsula • Singapore became vital because: • Needed way-station for Indo-Chinese trade • Opening of Suez Canal & increased demand for tin and rubber • Established colonies in Malaysia & Myanmar • Encouraged Chinese immigration • Malays became a minority • Conflict continues today

  8. Singapore

  9. The French & Indochina • Murder of missionaries • Emperor Napoleon III 1840s • Indochina included • Vietnam • Laos • Cambodia • Direct control • Industrialization disallowed • 4x more land devoted to rice production • However VN consumption decreased as rice was exported.

  10. Siam (Thailand) Independence • Neutral zone between British controlled Burma & French Indochina • Modernization of edu, legal & gov under King Mongkut & son • Built its own infrastructure • Reforms came from its own gov which reduced: • Racist treatment • Social turmoil & • Economic exploitation

  11. US Imperialism in the Philippines • Cuban War of Independence • Presidents Cleveland and McKinley • Yellow Journalism • Sinking of the USS Maine • Attacked Philippines first • Took over their territories • Guam • Puerto Rico • Philippines • Emilio Aguinaldo

  12. Emilio Aguinaldo • Betrayed by US • Led rebellion which lasted from 1899-1902 • US promised it would prepare them for self-rule. • US encouraged growing of cash crops

  13. Queen Liliuokalani

  14. US Imperialism in Hawaii Many opposed any kind of colonial imperialism Two groups supported imperialism. • Duty to fulfill its destiny as world power • Business interests motivated by markets and need for raw materials • McKinley Tariff • Queen Liliuokalani • Sanford B. Dole • Republic of Hawaii • Republic of Texas

  15. Westernization