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Post WWII - What Now?
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  1. Post WWII - What Now? What events contribute to the start of the Cold War? Is there prosperity in the US?

  2. Important notes regarding end of WWII… • Yalta Conference (Feb ‘45) picmap • Potsdam Conference (Jul ‘45) picmap • United Nations Meetings (‘44 and ‘46) pic • War Crimes Trials in Nuremberg and Japan (‘45) link • Creation of State of Israel (‘48) linklink

  3. What contributed to the tensions between the US and Russia? (aka…the “Cold War”) • Cold War – defined? • Atomic Bomb • “Iron Curtain” speech by Winston Churchill at Fulton, MO. visit? • Containment Policy – purpose? • Truman Doctrine – what was this? map • Marshall Plan – purpose? link

  4. Tensions…continued. • Berlin Crisis and Blockade.. • Berlin Airlift – purpose? linkjfk map • NATO – what was it? Purpose? Map • Cold War – Idealogical or Military battle? Or both? map

  5. What events contributed to new tensions (Cold War) between the Soviet Union? • Germany’s Future? US vision vs. Soviet Union vision? • Truman Doctrine (‘47) • Marshall Plan (‘47) • “Containment” Policy • Berlin Airlift (‘48) • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) (‘49) • Communism vs. Capitalism - Ideological Battle or Military Battle?

  6. What was the impact of the Truman Era and what examples illustrate this? • GI Bill of ‘44 link • Labor Unrest - 4.5M on 5,000 strikes • United Mine Workers (‘46) • Taft-Hartley Act (‘47) link • Dixiecrats - Southern Democrats (‘48) link • Truman’s Fair Deal (‘48) link

  7. How did the Korean War develop? • Communist Growth - Long March in China (‘34) - Mao Zedong link led 100,000 Communists for 6,000 miles - later drove Nationalists (Chiang Kaishek) to Taiwan in ‘’49 (meaning?) • North Korean Attack over 38th Parallel (June 25, 1950) map

  8. War in Korea? (Reading Text) • What event “turned the tide” against the North Koreans? link • In what ways was China getting involved in this war? • What happened to Gen. MacArthur? • Who won election in ‘52 because of his Anti-Communist military background? • What was the De-Militarized Zone (DMZ) for? pic

  9. Cold War Fears..Justified? • Spying - in high gear. Accused: Alger Hiss, Ethel and Julius Rosenberg link • “Blacklisting” in Hollywood - Lauren Bacall, Paul Robeson, Frank Capra, Ronald Reagan link • The Crucible by Arthur Miller (Text) • Invasion of the Body Snatchers- movie

  10. Chap 16 – The Eisenhower Era – The Cold War continues.. • Election of 1952 – criticized “handling of Korean War” • Brinkmanship • Massive Retaliation • CIA formed in 1947 link • Warsaw Pact – organized by Nikita Krushchev (followed Stalin) • Eisenhower Doctrine in Mideast after Suez Canal Crisis

  11. Cold War Fears & National Security • House Un-American Activities Committee (‘38) linkvidMcCarthy vid • Internal Security Act (‘50) • Senator Joseph McCarthy (quote - represents “McCarthyism”) • Army-McCarthy hearings - exposed as “bully”

  12. Examples of “Atomic Anxiety”? • Hydrogen Bomb (1950) • ICBM’s (with rocket propulsion) • Sputnik (1957) launch vidlink • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) (1958) link • Atomic Bomb Drills by Federal Civil Defense Administration – “Duck and Cover” - vid • Eisenhower’s Speech – Military Industrial Complex - Vid clip from "Why We Fight"

  13. Great cultural and technological changes of this period? • “Golden Age” of Television – I Love Lucy, American Bandstand, etc. • Rock n Roll (Elvis, Chuck Berry, etc..) • Rhythm and Blues • Polio Vaccine (Dr. Jonas Salk)

  14. What factors changed lifestyles and housing patterns in the US? • Sun Belt States • Interstate Highway Act (1956) • Levittowns link • Baby Boom • Suburban Expansion (Creve Coeur) • Urban Renewal programs (1950’s) – remember Mill Creek Valley?

  15. Compare and Contrast – Cold War and “War on Terror”.. • Venn Diagram - compare and contrast the US Cold War with Communism (’45 to late 50’s) with our current “War on Terror”. (Include at least 4 examples in each circle – at least 8 total examples). (complete Venn Diagrams can be worth up to 10 pts) • Then, use these examples to write an argumentative essay on this question – “Was the Cold War more alike or different from our current “War on Terror”? (essays of ¾ to 1 full page can be worth 15pts)