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Chapter 24 and 25 ReviewRecombinant DNA; Vitamins, Nutrition, Antidotes, Emergencies 2011-12
Abnormally low neutrophil (type of white blood cell) level: • IgG • Neutropenia • Cytopenia • Hematologic Agent
A reduction in the number of cells circulating in the blood. • Macrophage • Neutropenia • Cytopenia • Hematologic agent
A replacement plasma protein that is necessary for blood coagulation and is not produced in a hemophiliac. • B cells • Neutropenia • Cytopenia • Hematologic agent
Lymphocytes that require the cooperation of a T cell before they can form a clone in response to antigens. • B cells • Neutropenia • Macrophage • Hematologic agent
These process antigens and transfer the antigenic determinants to the lymphocytes. • Macrophages • Neutropenia • IgG • B cells
This is found in saliva, tears, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). • IgG • Neutropenia • Cytopenia • Hematologic Agent
An antibody-mediated response that mobilizes B cells to defend against foreign antigens. • Humoral immunity • Extravasation • Cellular immunity • Hematologic agent
A specific response to antigens that is mediated primarily by lymphocytes and macrophages. • Humoral immunity • Extravasation • Cellular immunity • Hematologic agent
An escape of IV fluids into the surrounding tissues (leaking) • Humoral immunity • Extravasation • Cellular immunity • Hematologic agent
Lack of nutrients entering the body: • Visceral protein store • Herbs • Malnutrition • Somatic store
Skeletal muscle protein: • Visceral protein store • Herbs • Malnutrition • Somatic store
Plasma protein: makes up 5% of body mass: • Visceral protein store • Herbs • Malnutrition • Somatic store
Composed of two base components: dextrose for carbohydrates and amino acids for proteins: • 2:1 TPN Solution • 3:1 TPN Solution • Visceral Protein Store • Malnutrition
Composed of dextrose, amino acids, and fats or lipids for calories. Sterile Water is commonly added to adjust the volume of TPN. • 2:1 TPN Solution • 3:1 TPN Solution • Visceral Protein Store • Malnutrition
When prescribing or formulating TPN, there are 3 major factors that a physician / pharmacist must consider: • Enough fluid to complete the pt’s fluid requirements • Enough dextrose to complete the patient’s caloric needs • Enough amino acid to complete the patient’s protein requirements • All of these
A plant or plant parts extracted or dried and valued for their savory, aromatic, or other qualities. • Visceral protein store • Herbs • Malnutrition • TPN
In hospitals, whose responsibility is it to keep all drugs stocked and up to date in unit crash carts? • Pharmacist • Nurse • Pharmacy technician • Orderly
In hospitals, whose responsibility is it to remove any expired drug and any that will expire within 1-2 months? • Pharmacist • Nurse • Pharmacy technician • Orderly
Who must check the crash cart or any drug cart before it is returned to the hospital floor. • Pharmacist • Nurse • Pharmacy technician • Orderly
True or False: • The goal of TPN therapy is to correct the nutritional deficits by meeting caloric, protein, vitamin, and mineral requirements that cannot be met orally.
True or False • More than two-thirds of accidental poisonings occur in children under 6 years of age (ingested household compounds)
True or False • Antivenom (or antivenin) is a biological product used in the treatment of venomous bites or stings.
True or False • The FDA defines recombinant DNA as the application of biologic systems and organisms for industrial and technical uses.
True or False • Biotechnology is the technique that uses living organisms or parts of organisms for specific purposes.
True or False • Antineoplastic drugs are extremely toxic because they also destroy normal cells.