The Intellectual and Artistic Renaissance World History I
Italian Renaissance Humanism • A key intellectual Renaissance movement was humanism. • How did this movement develop? • Humanism – intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on the study of the humanities. • Focus on grammar, rhetoric, history, moral philosophy, poetry. • Humanists lived active lives. • Many humanists studied to help their state. • Served as secretaries to city-states and to princes or popes. • Wealthy bankers paid artists to create art to make their state look good.
Intellectual Renaissance • Renaissance writers such as Dante and Chaucer helped popularize the use of vernacular. • More people understood it. • Johannes Gutenberg’s introduction of the printing press helped spread ideas more quickly. • The humanist movement greatly impacted education. • Liberal arts. • Made students reach their “full potential” as humans. • Women were absent from Renaissance schools.
The Artistic Renaissance in Italy • Renaissance artists imitated nature and wanted to be realistic in their art. • Frescoes became the first masterpieces of the Renaissance. • Raphael, one of Italy’s best painters by age 25, was known for frescoes. • There were also major achievements in sculpture and architecture. • Donatello – studied and copied the statues of Greeks and Romans. • By the end of the 15th century, a new artistic world had been created in Italy.
Masters of the Renaissance Michelangelo • Michelangelo wanted to be a sculptor, not a painter. • Born to a wealthy family . • Most known for painting ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. • He didn’t want to do this, but was forced to by Pope Julius II. • It took over four years to complete. • Michelangelo’s works focused on perfection.
Invented by Da Vinci? • Horseless Carriage (Car) • Helicopter • Parachute • Aircraft Carrier • Machine Gun • Light Bulb • Tank ?
Masters of the Renaissance Leonardo da Vinci • Mastered realistic painting • Inventor, scientist, architect • Leonardo was very interested in flight. • He sketched many early flying machines, including helicopters. • Despite hating war, Leonardo drew designs for many new weapons. • Rapid fire cannon, tank with blades to chop legs off
Leonardo Da Vinci • Leonardo focused much of his studies on science. • He kept a very detailed notebook. • It included sketches and notes of ideas for inventions. • It was written to be read in a mirror, probably to keep his ideas from being stolen. • He sometimes added parts that don’t belong to confuse those who tried to steal his ideas! • He spent a lot of time studying the human body. • His art was very lifelike. • Examined the dead, against orders of the church. “History’s first modern man”