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THE INTELLECTUAL RENAISSANCE IN ITALY. The Italian Renaissance 1. individualism 2. secularism Italy in the 14 th and 15 centuries is the cultural leader of Europe Renaissance Italy was a product of 1. wealthy society 2. urban society 3. lay society. ITALIAN RENAISSANCE HUMANISM.

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the intellectual renaissance in italy
THE INTELLECTUAL RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
  • The Italian Renaissance

1. individualism

2. secularism

  • Italy in the 14th and 15 centuries is the cultural leader of Europe
  • Renaissance Italy was a product of

1. wealthy society

2. urban society

3. lay society

italian renaissance humanism
ITALIAN RENAISSANCE HUMANISM
  • Intellectual/literary movement
  • Based on the study of classical literary works of ancient Greece and Rome
  • Humanists studies the LIBERAL ARTS

grammar

rhetoric

poetry

moral philosophy/ethics

history

the emergence of humanism
THE EMERGENCE OF HUMANISM
  • Petrarch = the father of humanism
    • Consider the middle ages a dark age
    • Interest in classical antiquity
    • Search for forgotten or lost latin manuscripts and works of antiquity
humanism in 15 th century italy
HUMANISM IN 15TH CENTURY ITALY
  • “civic humanism”
  • Cicero as a model
  • Growing interest in classical Greek civilization
  • LORENZO VALLA
humanism and philosophy
HUMANISM AND PHILOSOPHY
  • Interest in the works of Plato
  • Christianity + Platonism = NEOPLATONISM
  • Hermeticism
  • PICO DELLA MIRANDOLA –

1. one of the great humanists

2. author of – Oration on the Dignity of Man

3. unlimited human potential

education in the renaissance
EDUCATION IN THE RENAISSANCE
  • Humanist idea – education can change people
  • “liberal studies” = the liberal arts
  • Humanist schools geared to elites
  • Practical preparation for life -> produce complete citizens -> participate in civic life
  • Humanist schools = classics + Christianity = model for elite schooling up to the 20th century
humanism and history
HUMANISM AND HISTORY
  • Humanist began to see history as divided into

1. ancient world = classical world = antiquity

2. the Middle Ages = the dark ages

3. their time = a time of rebirth

  • Secularizing the writing of history -> relying on documents and evidence, removing religious explanations and miracles
  • Causation in history -> not God, human forces
the impact of printing
THE IMPACT OF PRINTING
  • Printing was invented in the time of the Renaissance
  • Transformed the intellectual life and thought
  • JOHANNES GUTENBERG = the movable type printing press 1445-1450
  • Gutenberg bibles
  • Printing spread rapidly across Europe

1. by 1500 – 1000 printers

2. 40,000 titles

3. half were religious, half secular

4. big business

5. encouraged spread of knowledge

6. created a lay reading public