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THE INTELLECTUAL AND ARTISTIC RENAISSANCE

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  1. Ch. 5-2 THE INTELLECTUAL AND ARTISTIC RENAISSANCE

  2. Italian Renaissance Humanism • Characterized by secularism and individualism • Noticeable in intellect and art • Humanism: study of grammar, rhetoric, poetry, philosophy, and history The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  3. Italian Renaissance Humanism • Petrarch • Father of Italian Renaissance humanism • Emphasized using pure classical Latin • Intellectual life was one of solitude • Rejected family and community • 1400’s humanist believed in performing civic duties The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  4. Vernacular Literature • Scholars, lawyers, theologians wrote in the vernacular- language of their region • Italian authors who wrote in the vernacular • Dante • Divine Comedy-story of soul’s journey to salvation. Long poem divided into three parts: Hell, Purgatory, Heaven • --There is no greater sorrow Than to be mindful of the happy time In misery—Dante, Divine Comedy • --Consider your origin; you were not born to live like brutes, but to follow virtue and knowledge—Dante, Divine Comedy The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  5. Vernacular Literature • Geoffrey Chaucer • The Canterbury Tales • Story of 29 Pilgrims journey to tomb of St. Thomas a 'Becket at Canterbury • Portrayed English society from high to low class The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  6. Vernacular Literature • Christine de Pizan • Frenchwoman • Wrote in defense of women • The Book of the City of Ladies • Denounced male writers who said that women were unable to learn and were easily swayed • Argued that women could learn as well as men The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  7. Education in the Renaissance • Renaissance humanist believed education could change human beings-produce people of virtue (moral excellence, goodness, righteous) and wisdom, model citizens • Stressed physical education • Javelin throwing, archery, dancing, running, wrestling, hunting, and swimming • Liberal studies core of humanist schools • History, moral philosophy, rhetoric(study of effective use of language), grammar and logic (reasoning), poetry, mathematics, astronomy, and music. The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  8. Education in the Renaissance • Females absent from schools • Few who did studied history, riding, dance, singing, playing the lute, and poetry • Learned religion and morals to be good wives and mothers The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  9. The Artistic Renaissance in Italy • Imitated nature in their works • Onlookers should see reality The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  10. New Techniques in Painting • Fresco’s by Masaccio—first masterpieces of early Renaissance • Mastered laws of perspective, created illusions of three dimensional art. • Medieval art was flat, Renaissance came to life The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  11. New Techniques in Painting • Two major developments of Renaissance Art • 1. used perspective, organization of outdoor space and light through geometry • 2. investigation of movement and human anatomy, especially the human nude. The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  12. The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  13. Sculpture and Architecture • Donatello-studied in Rome • Studied statues of Greeks and Romans The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  14. Filippo Brunelleschi Architect inspired by buildings of classical Rome. Designed the church of San Lorenzo for the Medici family of Florence The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  15. Masters of the High Renaissance • Final stage of Italian Renaissance painting called the High Renaissance • Produced three artistic giants—Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  16. Leonardo da Vinci Mastered the art of realistic painting, dissected human bodies(to see how nature worked) Which is da Vinci most famous painting? The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  17. THAT’S RIGHT!!! MONA LISA!!!! See her SMILE The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  18. Raphael • Regarded as Italy’s best painter at age 25 • Famous for paintings of Madonnas and School of Athens The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  19. Michelangelo • A painter, sculptor, and architect • Famous for paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome The intellectual and artistic renaissance

  20. Statue of David by Michelangelo The intellectual and artistic renaissance