learning theories
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Learning Theories

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

Learning Theories - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 88 Views
  • Uploaded on

Learning Theories. Norma Longoria. Hermann Ebbinghaus. Life. 1850 – Born: Barmen, Germany 1873 – Doctorate from University of Bonn at 23 1879 – Began memory studies 1885 – Forgetting & learning curve established 1894 – Study on decline of children’s mental ability during the school day

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Learning Theories' - tanner-robbins


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
learning theories

Learning Theories

Norma Longoria

slide3
Life
  • 1850 – Born: Barmen, Germany
  • 1873 – Doctorate from University of Bonn at 23
  • 1879 – Began memory studies
  • 1885 – Forgetting & learning curve established
  • 1894 – Study on decline of children’s mental ability during the school day
  • 1908 – Left University of Halle
  • 1909 – Died: Breslau, Germany – pneumonia
forgetting curve testing
Forgetting Curve : Testing
  • Studied his own memories
  • Learned “nonsense syllables”
  • Consonants-Vowel-Consonants: KOX, JAF, TIH
  • The grouping would have no prior meaning like TIN or FOX
forgetting curve results
Forgetting Curve : Results
  • Memory significantly drops off within the first 20 minutes
  • After one day, the “forgetting” levels off
  • Even though it may seem as we have forgotten something “forever” it is the retrieval that is the error
  • Memory stored as long term is more stable
forgetting in today s teachings
Forgetting in Today’s Teachings
  • Ebbinghaus deduced how quickly our memory fades without reinforcement.
  • Repetition is the solution!
  • Flash cards and multiple days of enforcing new ideas are constantly used today.
  • Giving presentations over reviewed material reinforces material.
  • Testing someone over the same material is useful and impactful for trainings.
slide8
Life
  • 1874 – Born: Williamsburg, Massachusetts
  • 1898 – Ph.D. from Columbia University
  • 1932 – 2nd law was not entirely valid in all cases.
  • 1901– learning in one area does not facilitate learning in other areas
  • 1930s – Puzzle Box
  • 1949 – Died: Montrose, New York
law of effect
Law of Effect
  • Behavioral responses that were most closely followed by a satisfying result were mostly likely to become established patterns and to occur again in response to the same stimulus.
  • Modified in 1932
    • rewards for appropriate behavior always substantially strengthened associations.
law of exercise
Law of Exercise
  • Other things being equal, the repeated occurrence of any act makes that behavior easier to perform and is less vulnerable or subject to error.
  • “Practice makes perfect”
  • Doesn’t not take in the importance of “incentive”
puzzle box
Puzzle Box
  • Animal locked in a wood slated box
  • Animal can see food through bars but could not get to it
  • Could only obtain it until some mechanism was manipulated.
  • Animal would have to push a lever to open the box.
effectiveness in adult training
Effectiveness in Adult Training
  • Cognitive
    • Adults have the ability to remember more than children.
    • Using repetition to drive home an idea will be more effective for an adult than a child
  • Behavioral
    • “Practice makes perfect”
    • Being rewarded for appropriate behavior always substantially strengthens associations
sources
Sources
  • Cherry, K. (2014, January 1). Forgetting: When Memory Fails. Retrieved October 8, 2014, from http://psychology.about.com/od/cognitivepsychology/p/forgetting.htm
  • Pacchioli, D. (2005, February 14). Probing Question: Do children have better memories than adults do? Retrieved October 12, 2014, from http://news.psu.edu/story/141275/2005/02/14/research/probing-question-do-children-have-better-memories-adults-do
continued
Continued…
  • Edward L. Thorndike. (2014). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved fromhttp://school.eb.com.catalog.stisd.net:3048/levels/high/article/72241#9072241.toc
  • Exercise, law of. (2006). In Jon E. Roeckelein (Ed.), Elsevier's dictionary of psychological theories. Retrieved from https://catalog.stisd.net:2148/login?qurl=http%3A%2F%2Fsearch.credoreference.com.catalog.stisd.net%3A3048%2Fcontent%2Fentry%2Festpsyctheory%2Fexercise_law_of%2F0
continued1
Continued…
  • Thorndike puzzle box. (2009). In The Penguin dictionary of psychology. Retrieved from https://catalog.stisd.net:2148/login?qurl=http%3A%2F%2Fsearch.credoreference.com.catalog.stisd.net%3A3048%2Fcontent%2Fentry%2Fpenguinpsyc%2Fthorndike_puzzle_box%2F0
ad