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LEARNING THEORIES. BEHAVIORISM, COGNITIVISM, CONSTRUCTIVISM. Background Information. Learning theories allow teachers to better understand the process of learning. Together with the use of technology, learn theories have made a significant impact in the classroom.

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learning theories

LEARNING THEORIES

BEHAVIORISM, COGNITIVISM, CONSTRUCTIVISM

background information
Background Information
  • Learning theories allow teachers to better understand the process of learning.
  • Together with the use of technology, learn theories have made a significant impact in the classroom.
  • There are many learning paradigms, however, behaviorism, cognitivism and constructivismwill be the focus for this lesson.
behaviorism
Behaviorism
  • The theory originates from the works of Ivan Pavlov’s, classical conditioning, and B. F. Skinner’s, operant conditioning.
    • Classical Conditioning is when an unconditioned stimulus and response is manipulated with a conditioned stimulus to create a conditioned response.
    • Operant Conditioning is a controlled response with a reward/ punishment system according to the behavior.
  • The learner needs reinforcements to keep interest.
    • Stimuli are effective in controlling behavior.
  • As a result, the behaviors can be measured to record learning success.
cognitivism
Cognitivism
  • Information Processing looks at how information is retrieved and stored.
  • This theory focuses on how to store and retrieve information.
  • Learning is attained through rehearsal and consistent use of the information.
    • Retention strategies such as breaking down information and comparing the information to long term storage are great techniques.
constructivism
Constructivism
  • Constructivism views learning as a process in which the learner constructs knowledge based on their past experiences.
  • The teacher only acts as a facilitator who encourages students to explore within a given framework.

Learners may collaborate with others to organize their ideas and learn from each other to construct their own knowledge.

web resources
Web Resources
  • Behavioral Learning Theory
    • http://suedstudent.syr.edu/~ebarrett/ide621/behavior.htm
  • Cognitivism Learning Theory
    • http://web.syr.edu/~walker/COGNITIVISMTHEORIES.htm
  • Constructivism Learning Theory
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning_theories