English Exploration. Mr. Searcy. England was in no position to challenge Spain through most of the 1500s. Were actually Spain’s allies for most of the century
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The establishment of Queen Elizabeth to the throne in 1558 ended the religious fighting and led to Protestant domination in England. Also led to increased rivalry with Catholic Spain.
1583: Sir Humphrey Gilbert attempted a colony on the coast of Newfoundland. Died at sea. Failure.
While England was struggling to establish a foothold in the New World, Spain was thriving.
Victory over the Spanish Armada helped secure England’s dominance in the North Atlantic.
Signed a peace treaty with Spain and 1604England’s new power
Woolen Economic Depression in 1500s. Hit puritan area hardest. Led to homelessness.
Inheritance of land went to the eldest son.
Led to younger sons seeking opportunity and adventure.
A growing population seeking opportunity and land elsewhere.Problems in England
1606: Joint stock company called the Virginia Company of London received a charter from King James I of England for a settlement in the New World.
Set sail in 1606. Landed in the Chesapeake Bay where they were attacked by Indians.
Starving Time: Winter of 1609-1610. Powhattan’s tribe stopped helping the settlers. Ate dogs, cats, rats, and mice. One man killed and ate his wife, executed. Only 60 of 400 settlers survived the winter.
Was under orders from Jamestown Company to wage war against Powhatan’s tribe and all Indians.
1619: Dutch brought 20 black Africans to Jamestown. Earliest slaves in the colonies.
1619: The London Company authorized the settlers to summon an assembly for government purposes.
Baltimore didn’t make the voyage, but set aside huge tracts of land for family members.
1649: Act of Toleration passed by Lord Baltimore as a way of securing Catholic religion while also tolerating all Christians.
Created by King Charles II. Gave land to the Lords Proprietors, eight of his court favorites. 1670
Lacked the economic prosperity of their neighbors. Climate not quite as good, as well as soil.Georgia