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HUNTERS AND GATHERERS. The Earliest People. Probably lived in Africa. The men hunted and the women gathered to have enough food to survive. The Earliest People. They united in bands to meet their basis needs of food, clothing, and shelter.

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The earliest people
The Earliest People

  • Probably lived in Africa.

  • The men hunted and the women gathered to have enough food to survive.

The earliest people1
The Earliest People

  • They united in bands to meet their basis needs of food, clothing, and shelter.

  • In larger bands (50 – 100 people) not everyone had to gather food so a division of labor began(doing different jobs based on abilities and the band’s needs)

The earliest people2
The Earliest People

  • They were nomads (without a settled home).

  • Experience taught them what foods made them sick or caused death.

Hunters and gatherers nomads
Hunters and Gatherers/ Nomads

  • Nomads depended upon the weather and nature.

  • What would be some advantages of being a nomad?

The earliest people3
The Earliest People

  • They migrated (moved from one place to the next) to find enough food to survive.

  • People began this migration process from Africa.

  • During the time of the Ice Age, people migrated across the Bering Strait into North America.

Early cultures and societies
Early Cultures and Societies

  • People were set apart by art, beliefs, customs, and languages.

  • Language helped people join together into a society.

Early cultures and societies1
Early Cultures and Societies

  • Culture- a way of life (food, language, religion, clothes, hobbies).

  • Artifacts- objects that are human made from long ago.

Early farmers controlling nature
EARLY FARMERS –Controlling Nature

  • Early people began to domesticate (tame living things-plants or animals- for humans use) and raise livestock.

  • The first domesticated animal was the dog—to help with hunting food.

Early farmers
Early Farmers

  • Agriculture- the raising of domesticated plants and animals- changed human societies forever.= a farming revolution!

  • Steady food supplies meant healthy, growing populations.

Early farmers1
Early Farmers

  • Farming allowed people to live in one place forming smallvillagesand meeting their basic needs

  • Fewer people died of starvation. But people began to fight over land and steal food.

Early farmers2
Early Farmers

  • Early people settled near river valleys because there was an abundance of water.

  • The flooding of these rivers caused the land tobecome more fertile so they could grow better and more crops.

  • And as they had more things to move from one area to another, the Sumerians invented the wheel and axle.

Early farmers3
Early Farmers

  • Agriculture allowed people to depend on a reliable source of food, so people had more time to make tools like the plow which was invented by the Sumerians.


  • At this point in time, money had not been invented so people relied on bartering to exchange goods and/or services for goods and/or services.