FOREST MONITORING IN THE CONTEXT OF CLIMATE CHANGE Don Wijewardana United Nations Forum on Forests Secretariat
SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT AND THE U.N. • World concern over rapid loss of forest cover led to UNCED in 1992 • IPF (1995-97) and IFF (1997-2000) produced 270 proposals for action to help achieve SFM • UNFF was set up in 2000. • First five years of UNFF limited progress in SFM.
NON-LEGALLY BINDING INSTRUMENT ON FORESTS (NLBI) • In 2006-2007 intense negotiations on the way forward • GA/UNFF adopted the NLBI • Aims of the NLBI to: a) implement SFM, and b) make progress in achieving 4 global objectives
FOUR GLOBAL OBJECTIVES • Reverse the loss of forest cover worldwide • Enhance forest based economic, social and environmental benefits • Increase significantly the area of protected forests worldwide, and • Reverse the decline in ODA for SFM and mobilize significantly increased additional financial resources from all sources for SFM
UNFF AND CLIMATE CHANGE • Forests and climate change closely linked • Carbon sequestration one of many functions of forests • Forests as a cause and impact • Forests in mitigation and adaptation • NLBI is aimed at SFM, therefore include climate aspects • UNFF8 next year will address forests and climate change specifically. FAO/ Faidutti/CFU000368
MONITORING, ASSESSMENT AND REPORTING (MAR) • UNFF emphasis on well developed MAR system (e.g. C&I) • C&I Processes are international and regional voluntary organisations promoting SFM (e.g. MPCI, MCPFE, ITTO) • Cover all aspects of SFM – 7 themes and over 67 indicators • They all have indicators relating to carbon absorption role of forests.
CLIMATE CHANGE RELATED INDICATORS OF C&I PROCESSES • ITTO criterion 4.4: Total amount of carbon stored in forest stands; • Montreal Process criterion 5: Maintenance of forest contribution to global carbon cycles; • MCPFE Indicator 1.4: Carbon stock of woody biomass and of soils on forest and other wooded land.
LOOKING AT THE FUTURE • DSD’s paper useful background for examining climate change issues in the context of sustainable development • UNFF working with FAO and other CPF members to develop indicators for monitoring progress in achievement of NLBI. • Forests are a key sector for climate change mitigation (carbon sinks, reduced deforestation and degradation) • So, it is possible to use a number of the indicators that are being considered for NLBI, for climate change purposes.
CONCLUSIONS • Aim of UNFF is to promote global SFM • There are no climate change-specific indicators in the NLBI • But a number of the forestry related indicators can be used for this purpose • Working in cooperation will help develop forest based indicators to bridge other gaps. • C&I Processes also have useful indicators. FAO/ Faidutti/CFU000820
Thank You United Nations Forum on Forests www.un.org/esa/forests FAO/ Faidutti/CFU000304