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Bat

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Bat

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  1. Bat The King of the Caves By: KV

  2. Introduction • . Bats are mammals • It’s scientific name is chiropeta • It means wings on their hands • They are the only mammals that can fly • they are separated into two groups called megachiropeta and microchiro • peta

  3. What They Look Like • They can be orange,yellow,brown,black • One type of bat, the ghost bat is gray • Usually only a couple of ounces in weight • Their wings are made of stretchy elastic skin • Insect eating bats have big ears and small eyes • Fruit eaters have small ears and larger eyes • Their toes have five fingers and tiny thumbs • Small, sharp, pointy teeth that are 2-3 mm long

  4. Physiological Features Poor eyesight Finger bones inside it’s wings Has small thumbs Very small throat

  5. Lifespan/Endangered • The flying fox is critically endangered • If very healthy they can live more than 20 years • A lot of times bats get rabies • A lot of bats species aren’t endangered

  6. Habitat/Climate • They live in caves • The temperature of the caves is usually damp, moist, and very humid • Nooks are another habitat • One type of bat called the pyramid bat lives in the desserts of Africa • If a bat’s habitat is cold in the winter it may migrate or hibernate • They can also live in houses, hollow trees, and sheds

  7. Landforms • Live in sheltered landforms • Some bats live on hollow trees • They live on every continent except Antarctica • Limestone is what the bat’s the cave is made of • One type of bat lives inside palm leaves

  8. Food • insect eating bats eat insects but mainly they eat moths, mosquitoes • Fruit eaters eat fruit like mangos • Some very small bats eat nectar • The vampire bat drinks blood birds, lizards, and occasionally humans

  9. Predator/Prey PREDATOR TO: PREY OF: • Some other bats • Mice • Fish • Fruit • Insects • nectar Domestic cats Birds of prey Some snakes

  10. Behavior Uses echolocation Sound bounces off objects Nocturnal live in colonies—big groups Always fly right out of a cave They act like their the boss They eat millions of mosquitoes every night.

  11. Reproduction • Females get together when breeding • Have babies all at the same time • Female insect eating bats give birth in hollow trees, buildings, or caves • Baby bats are called pups • Mothers find babies by sound andsmell

  12. Behavioral Adaptation • Some species hibernate so they can stay warm • Some species migrate so they can continue finding food • Some bats use their wing like a net to catch prey • Nocturnal so they can escape lots of predators • Live in colonies to confuse prey

  13. Physical Adaptation • Dark colors helps blend in with environment • Small tail helps make sharp turns • Big ears help hear danger • Wings help fly fast to escape predators • Fingers/toes help them catch prey

  14. Physiological Adaptation • A bone called a patella helps leg move • Ribs helps it breath • Elbow moves its wings to help it fly • Insect eaters ear drum (echolocation) helps find food • Brain size of a pinky’s fingernail tells right from wrong • Elastic wings hold bones in place to help with movement

  15. Fun Facts • Some bats squeak through noses • Ozzie Osborn once bit the head off a dead bat • In Mexico people used to think the bat was the king of the underworld • Very delicate • Bat droppings are called guava • They must be in pairs or groups • They can live in captivity or the wild • They aren’t made to be pets • They can live anywhere dark