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Bat. The King of the Caves. By: KV. Introduction. . Bats are mammals. It’s scientific name is chiropeta. It means wings on their hands. They are the only mammals that can fly. they are separated into two groups called megachiropeta and microchiro peta. What They Look Like.

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    1. Bat The King of the Caves By: KV

    2. Introduction • . Bats are mammals • It’s scientific name is chiropeta • It means wings on their hands • They are the only mammals that can fly • they are separated into two groups called megachiropeta and microchiro • peta

    3. What They Look Like • They can be orange,yellow,brown,black • One type of bat, the ghost bat is gray • Usually only a couple of ounces in weight • Their wings are made of stretchy elastic skin • Insect eating bats have big ears and small eyes • Fruit eaters have small ears and larger eyes • Their toes have five fingers and tiny thumbs • Small, sharp, pointy teeth that are 2-3 mm long

    4. Physiological Features Poor eyesight Finger bones inside it’s wings Has small thumbs Very small throat

    5. Lifespan/Endangered • The flying fox is critically endangered • If very healthy they can live more than 20 years • A lot of times bats get rabies • A lot of bats species aren’t endangered

    6. Habitat/Climate • They live in caves • The temperature of the caves is usually damp, moist, and very humid • Nooks are another habitat • One type of bat called the pyramid bat lives in the desserts of Africa • If a bat’s habitat is cold in the winter it may migrate or hibernate • They can also live in houses, hollow trees, and sheds

    7. Landforms • Live in sheltered landforms • Some bats live on hollow trees • They live on every continent except Antarctica • Limestone is what the bat’s the cave is made of • One type of bat lives inside palm leaves

    8. Food • insect eating bats eat insects but mainly they eat moths, mosquitoes • Fruit eaters eat fruit like mangos • Some very small bats eat nectar • The vampire bat drinks blood birds, lizards, and occasionally humans

    9. Predator/Prey PREDATOR TO: PREY OF: • Some other bats • Mice • Fish • Fruit • Insects • nectar Domestic cats Birds of prey Some snakes

    10. Behavior Uses echolocation Sound bounces off objects Nocturnal live in colonies—big groups Always fly right out of a cave They act like their the boss They eat millions of mosquitoes every night.

    11. Reproduction • Females get together when breeding • Have babies all at the same time • Female insect eating bats give birth in hollow trees, buildings, or caves • Baby bats are called pups • Mothers find babies by sound andsmell

    12. Behavioral Adaptation • Some species hibernate so they can stay warm • Some species migrate so they can continue finding food • Some bats use their wing like a net to catch prey • Nocturnal so they can escape lots of predators • Live in colonies to confuse prey

    13. Physical Adaptation • Dark colors helps blend in with environment • Small tail helps make sharp turns • Big ears help hear danger • Wings help fly fast to escape predators • Fingers/toes help them catch prey

    14. Physiological Adaptation • A bone called a patella helps leg move • Ribs helps it breath • Elbow moves its wings to help it fly • Insect eaters ear drum (echolocation) helps find food • Brain size of a pinky’s fingernail tells right from wrong • Elastic wings hold bones in place to help with movement

    15. Fun Facts • Some bats squeak through noses • Ozzie Osborn once bit the head off a dead bat • In Mexico people used to think the bat was the king of the underworld • Very delicate • Bat droppings are called guava • They must be in pairs or groups • They can live in captivity or the wild • They aren’t made to be pets • They can live anywhere dark