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Chapter 12: South Asia. Environmental Geography. South Asia Reference. South Asia. South Asia is a land of political tensions Tensions between India and Pakistan Growing population South Asia could soon surpass East Asia in population One of the poorest regions on Earth

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Chapter 12 south asia

Chapter 12: South Asia

Environmental Geography



South asia
South Asia

  • South Asia is a land of political tensions

    • Tensions between India and Pakistan

  • Growing population

    • South Asia could soon surpass East Asia in population

  • One of the poorest regions on Earth

  • Not well-connected to the globalized world

    • Slow economic growth and inward orientation


Environmental geography diverse landscapes from tropical islands to mountain rim
Environmental Geography: Diverse Landscapes, from Tropical Islands to Mountain Rim

  • Environmental Issues in South Asia

    • 1984 explosion at Bhopal fertilizer plant

  • Natural Hazards in Bangladesh

    • Flooding in the Ganges and Brahmaputra river deltas


Ganges delta largest
Ganges Delta – Islands to Mountain Rimlargest


Chapter 12 south asia

Dhaka flooding 2004 Islands to Mountain Rim


Environmental issues
Environmental Issues Islands to Mountain Rim

  • Cyclones (hurricanes) – mostly Bangladesh

    • Delta at sea level

    • Clobbered by cyclones

    • 60 since 1900

    • 1991 – “The Big One” –

      • 140,000 dead

      • 150 mph wind

        20 ft. wave

        Factor in poverty cycle


Bangladesh cyclone
Bangladesh Islands to Mountain Rimcyclone


Bangladesh cyclone damage 1991
Bangladesh cyclone Islands to Mountain Rimdamage -1991


Bangladesh cyclone damage 1991 rice paddies
Bangladesh cyclone Islands to Mountain Rimdamage 1991 – rice paddies


Bangladesh cyclone damage 1991 back flips off water buffalo
Bangladesh cyclone Islands to Mountain Rimdamage 1991 –back flips off water buffalo


Bangladesh cyclone damage
Bangladesh cyclone Islands to Mountain Rimdamage


Recent monsoons in india
Recent monsoons in India… Islands to Mountain Rim

  • Sept. 2011 – 50 people died in monsoon related flooding…

  • September 2005 -

  • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4727763.stm


Environmental issues1
Environmental issues Islands to Mountain Rim

  • Forests and Deforestation

    • Historically, Ganges Valley and coastal plains of India deforested for agriculture

    • Deforestation (agricultural, urban, and industrial expansion, RR)

      • Fuel wood shortage (dung)


Environmental geography diverse landscapes from tropical islands to mountain rim cont
Environmental Geography: Diverse Landscapes, from Tropical Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)

  • Environmental Issues in South Asia (cont.)

    • Forests and Deforestation (cont.)

      • Chipko movement – started as a women’s protest movement against deforestation and now has spread throughout many Himalayan villages


Environmental issues2
Environmental Issues Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)

  • Wildlife: Extinction and Protection

    • Region has managed to maintain a diverse wildlife population

      • Increasing population pressure in wildlife habitats



Chapter 12 south asia

  • The Four Subregions of South Asia Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)

    • 1) Mountains of the North

      • Collision of Indian Subcontinent with Eurasian landmass

        • 200 million years ago

        • Himalayan Range and others

        • Still moving (plate tectonics) – 1 inch a year

        • Earthquake zone


Himalayas
Himalayas Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)

  • India, Nepal and Bhutan

  • 1500 miles long

  • “Home of the Gods”

  • 24 peaks over 25,000 ft.

  • Mt.Everest (29,028 ft.)


Everest
Everest Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)


1953 nepal sir edmund hillary tenzing norgay climb everest
1953 –Nepal Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)Sir Edmund Hillary & Tenzing Norgay climb Everest


South asia physical
South Asia Physical Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)


Chapter 12 south asia

  • The Four Subregions of South Asia (cont.) Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)

    • 2) Indus-Ganges-Brahmaputra Lowlands

      • Large lowlands created by three major river systems

        • Indus – longest , 1800 miles- cultural hearth

        • Brahmaputra -1700 miles, delta mostly densely populated in world, fertile land,

        • Ganges – 1500 miles, transportation system, densely populated,

        • Holy river for Hindus


Ganges river
Ganges River Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)


Chapter 12 south asia

  • 3) Peninsular India Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)

    • Deccan Plateau

      • Makes up most of peninsular India

    • Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats (6,000 ft, to 8,000 ft. high)

  • 4) The Southern Islands

    • Sri Lanka

    • Maldives – chain of more than 1,200 islands,

      • 75% uninhabited

      • Only 116 square miles total

      • 6 ft. highest elevation

      • Threatened by global warming


Deccan plateau
Deccan Plateau Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)


Chapter 12 south asia

  • South Asia’s Monsoon Climates Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)

    • Monsoon – the distinct seasonal change of wind direction, which corresponds with wet and dry periods

      • Three South Asian seasons:

        • Warm and rainy season from June to October

        • Cool and dry season November to February

        • Hot period from March to late May (120° F)

    • Drier conditions in Pakistan

    • Crops depend on Monsoon rains


South asian monsoon
South Asian Monsoon Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)


Monsoon pictures
Monsoon pictures Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)


Monsoon pictures1
Monsoon pictures Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)


Monsoon pictures2
Monsoon pictures Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)


Monsoon pictures3
Monsoon pictures Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)


Monsoon pictures4
Monsoon pictures Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)