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Spanish Armada

Spanish Armada

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Spanish Armada

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  1. Spanish Armada Spain Vs. England

  2. Objective • SWBAT observe the causes and effects of the Spanish Armada • Have HW out on your desk

  3. Do Now • Have your Spanish Armada packet on your desk! • We will be going over it and it will be collected!

  4. PHILIP II • Expand Spanish Influence Across the Globe • Son of Charles V • Strengthen the Catholic Church • Strengthen Inquisition • Supported Catholic Reformation • Wanted his power to be ABSOLUTE • Received $$ from the Americas

  5. ELIZABETH I • Inherited throne in 1558 • Philip II asked Elizabeth to marry him  in an attempt to keep England Catholic • Elizabeth said NO • Philip II hoped to conquer England and restore Catholicism • Elizabeth = Philip II’s #1 Enemy

  6. THE SPANISH ARMADA

  7. The Armada Sails • July 12, 1588 • Queen Elizabeth: #1 Enemy  Protestant ruler • She supported Dutch against Spanish and encouraged English captains, known as Sea Dogs, to plunder Spanish treasure ships • To stop the Dutch, Philip prepared a huge armada (fleet) to carry Spanish invasion force to England

  8. “It is well known that we fight in God’s cause. So, when we meet the English, God will surely arrange matters so threat we can grapple and board them, either by sending some strange freak of weather or, more likely, just be depriving the English of their wits. If we can come to close quarters Spanish valor and Spanish steel… will make our victory certain.”

  9. Philip II Of Spain Elizabeth I Of England

  10. Causes: • Religious Intolerance • Protestants who didn’t convert were expelled • Revolt in the Netherlands – Philip II battled Protestant Rebels in the Netherlands • Strengthened the Inquisition

  11. The Battle • July 12, 1588 • Spanish entered the English Channel • For 8 days the English ships (smaller, but faster) fought the Spanish • Huge storm drove the Spanish around Scotland England: 150 ships They were smaller, faster, and more maneuverable Spain: 130 Vessels 123,790 Cannonballs 30,000 Men

  12. Effects • “Strange Freak of Weather” - storm - destroyed the Spanish Armada, before there was ever a fight. • Economic Decline - Philip II resigned his throne • Costly wars overseas drained Spain of its wealth • By expelling Muslims and Jews the country lost its work base • Became a country of Beggars • France Replaced Spain as the Most Powerful Country in Europe • Enhanced English National Sentiment

  13. Primary Source • Queen Elizabeth’s speech regarding the Spanish Armada • King Philip’s speech regarding the Spanish Armada • 1:26