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Spanish Armada

Spanish Armada

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Spanish Armada

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  1. Spanish Armada

  2. What was the Spanish Armada? • In 1588, Philip II of Spain sent a fleet of ships to invade England • Consisted of 130 ships and started with 17,000 men • Another 18,000 would be picked up in the Spanish Netherlands • This was part of an undeclared Anglo-Spanish War (1585-1604)

  3. Philip II • The Philippines are named after him

  4. Why Invade England? • At the time, Spain was Catholic and England was Protestant under Elizabeth I • Spain also controlled the Netherlands, and England was supporting a revolt there • English ships were seizing Spanish ships under Sir Francis Drake

  5. Queen Elizabeth of England

  6. Queen Elizabeth I • Philip II use to be married to Elizabeth’s half sister, Mary Tudor (“Bloody Mary”) • Elizabeth turned down a marriage proposal from Philip II (1559) • England executed Mary Queen of Scots in 1587 (Elizabeth’s cousin)

  7. The Armada • The Spanish Armada sailed in a crescent shape • (Slower ships were inside the crescent and faster ships were outside. Troop transport ships were in middle. Usually no less than four miles long)

  8. Fire Beacons

  9. What Went Wrong? • The English sent 8 fire ships into the Spanish Armada while they were anchored in a shallow port (20 meters) • The Spanish panicked, cut anchors and broke ranks • The English ships were faster and heavily armed; the Spanish were easy targets; unprepared (Battle of Gravelines)

  10. In order to avoid total destruction, the Spanish Armada had to sail north around Scotland and Ireland • Ran into terrible weather, including one of the most northern hurricanes ever

  11. Results of the Spanish Armada • 67 ships and about 10,000 men returned to Spain • This marked the beginning of the end of Spain’s golden age • England emerged as a dominant power, and attempted an English Armada in 1589