Warm Up • STUDY for Napoleon/Ind. Rev. Quiz • Look at my useful links for a practice quiz • If your friend got in a fight, would you jump in and help them? Why or why not? Agenda • Notes/PowerPoint • WWI Causes activity • Exit Quiz
World War I “The war to end all wars”
WWI • Causes of WWI • According to the filmmaker, what single event started WWI? • What motive did GavriloPrincip have to assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand? • Why was Eastern Europe (the Balkans) known as the “powder keg”? • How was one event able to trigger war throughout the entire continent of Europe?
I. Rise of Nationalism • A. While most Europeans disliked Napoleon, many admired what he had accomplished • What did Napoleon accomplish? • B. His empire, along with the French Revolution, inspired the idea of nationalism
I. Rise of Nationalism • C. Nationalism is the idea that people identify themselves as a part of a community defined by the same language, government, and culture. This community is called a nation. • D. Before nationalism, people would be loyal to their king, town, or region. Now, their loyalty is to their people
I. Rise of Nationalism • E. Nationalism led to the unification of German and Italian people under one nation and one government. • 1. Germans were united because of their leader Otto von Bismarck, who led the strong Prussian military to victories over Austria and France, uniting the German people.
Otto von Bismarck “ The great questions of the day will not be decided by speeches and the resolutions of the majority…but by iron and blood”
II. The Road to War • A. After the victory over France, Germany feared that France would seek revenge. • B. In order to protect itself, it made an alliance with Austria – Hungary • What is an alliance? • 1. Germany, Austria – Hungary, and their allies were known as the Central Powers • This made Germany even more powerful. How do you think the other nations in Europe responded?
II. The Road to War • C. In order to protect themselves from these nations, Britain, France and Russia also created an alliance. • 1. These nations and their allies are known as the allied powers • What is the danger of having these alliances? • What do you think will happen next?
III. Causes of WWI • A. Belief in nationalism said that a country should do what is best for itself, not what is best for the world • B. Alliances (Allied Powers vs. Central Powers) • C. Militarism – the building up of a military • 1. Nations involved in these alliances began militarism in preparation for a war.
III. Causes of WWI • D. Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand • 1. Ferdinand was to be the next ruler over Austria – Hungary • 2. He was assassinated by a group of people who wanted independence for Serbia (which had an alliance with Russia)
III. Causes of WWI • E. Once Austria – Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia declared war on Austria – Hungary • 1. The rest of Europe soon declared war on each other
III. Causes of WWI • With the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. • Russia (Serbia’s ally) declared war on Austria-Hungary • Germany (Austria-Hungary’s ally) declared war on Russia • France (Russia’s ally) declared war on Germany • Austria-Hungary (Germany’s ally) declared war on France. • Britain (France’s ally) declared war on Germany and Austria-Hungary • WWI is on
III. Causes of WWI A MAN • Alliances • Militarism • Assassination • Nationalism
Choose One • Once you finish, work on any missing work • I need notebooks that haven’t been graded yet!
Project • You have 30 minutes to work on your project • By the end of this time, you should have: • Your map completed • Half of your interview completed • Stop Time:
Warm Up • Name the four causes of WWI • What is one way of convincing someone to do something? ------------------------------------------------------------ • Agenda • Power Point/Notes • Map activity • Exit Quiz New grades are up
IV. WWI • A. WWI was fought on two fronts • Germany and Austria Hungary battled Russia and their allies in the east while Germany fought France, Britain, and later the United States in the west • B. Eventually, both fronts came to a stalemate • 1. Stalemate – when both sides of a contest are neither winning nor losing • Stalemate = tie
IV. WWI • 2. The reason this happened is because both armies dug trenches and fought from inside them • 3. This led to the spread of diseases within the trenches
IV. WWI • Trench Warfare • What caused trench warfare? • What helped to end trench warfare? • All Quiet on the Western Front • Describe how WWI was fought • What would happen if troops left the trenches?
IV. WWI Trench foot
IV. WWI • C. WWI saw the invention and use of two new weapons of war • 1. Airplanes were used to bomb troops who believed they were safe in their trenches • 2. Tanks were used to break through the enemy lines
IV. WWI • D. The Russian Revolution took place in 1917 • 1. With the support of most of the Russian people, a group called the Bolsheviks killed the Russian Czar (king) and his family • 2. The Bolsheviks were a political party that supported the idea of communism • Communism is a form of government introduced by Karl Marx
IV. WWI • a. Communism - is a form of government where all economic and social aspects are controlled by the government and all property and money are evenly distributed to the people • 3. Under the Bolsheviks and communism, Russia is now known as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR)
IV. WWI • The first communist dictator was Vladamir Lenin • 4. This revolution eliminated Russia from the war • E. With the Russians gone, now the Central Powers only needed to fight on the western front
IV. WWI • 1. With this new threat, governments used propaganda to get more troops and additional help from their citizens. • a. Propaganda – ideas spread to influence the opinions of a group of people
IV. WWI • Propaganda Posters • http://www.firstworldwar.com/posters/uk.htm
IV. WWI • What other forms of propaganda besides posters do you think there is? • http://www.firstworldwar.com/audio/overthere.htm
IV. WWI • F. Believing they could win and bring a quick end to the war, the Germans began an offensive (an attack) to capture Paris • The Germans knew that they would have to fight a two front war • They believed they could quickly defeat France, then turn all their forces on Russia • Schlieffen Plan
IV. WWI • G. However, new American troops replenished the Allies and they were able to ultimately defeat Germany and the Central Powers in 1918
Classwork Map Activity • Label the nations in #1 • Color the countries depending on their allegiances in the war • Show where the Western Front was • Answer the other questions • Use page 763 or WWI Map on my useful links • Finish yesterday’s work once you’re done
Optional Assignment Love Letter • You are a soldier fighting in WWI. Write a letter to a loved one of at least 7 sentences describing trench warfare • Do this on the back of your map worksheet
Warm Up - Honors • Should the losers of a war be forced to pay for damages they cost or should they be helped to their feet and reformed? Why? ------------------------------------------------------------ • Agenda • Notes/PowerPoint • Worksheet • Work on project • Exit Quiz
Warm Up • How do you think the inventions of the Industrial Revolution changed the way WWI was fought? ------------------------------------------------------------ • Agenda • Notes/PowerPoint • Worksheet` • Work on project • Exit Quiz
Quick Review • What are the four causes of WWI? • What is nationalism? • What is propaganda? • Describe trench warfare • What form of government did the Bolsheviks support?
V. Aftermath of WWI • Treaty of Versailles Video • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J31vkB4IdS0 • What happened to Germany’s borders as a result of WWI? • What did Germany have to do to pay for the war? • Which leader was pleased with the treaty? • Based on what we’ve learned, do you think Germany was responsible for WWI? • What might be a result of the Treaty of Versailles?
V. Aftermath of WWI • A. After the war was over, France and Britain wanted to punish Germany for the war • B. The United States, however, wanted to create an organization that would work to prevent future wars
V. Aftermath of WWI • 1. Called the League of Nations • C. Eventually, the United States, France and Britain forced Germany to sign the Treaty of Versailles
V. Aftermath of WWI • 1. The Treaty of Versailles – Agreement that ended WWI and punished Germany • 2. This treaty made Germany pay reparations – or payments to victorious nations because of the war • How do you think the German people felt about this? • 3. Winning nations also gained more land and took territory away from Germany and Austria – Hungary
V. Aftermath of WWI • Map of changes after WWI • http://www.the-map-as-history.com/demos/tome03/index.php
V. Aftermath of WWI • 4. Several new nations were created from the Treaty of Versailles • Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria and Hungary • 5. This treaty would leave many Germans angry and looking for revenge
Warm Up • Come up with two review questions to ask the class from your WWI notes ------------------------------------------------------------ Agenda • Movie: Flyboys (for classes making their goals) • Love Letters/Essay/Project (for classes falling short of goals) Quiz on WWI MONDAY
Warm Up - HONORS • Come up with three review questions to ask the class from your WWI notes ------------------------------------------------------------ Agenda • Movie: Flyboys (for classes making their goals) • Love Letters/Essay/Project (for classes falling short of goals) Quiz on WWI MONDAY