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Increasing production of chickpea & pigeonpea through Intensive application of Integrated Pest Management . Project Proposal 2010-12 Under Accelerated Pulses Production Programme. N ATIONAL C ENTRE F OR I NTEGRATED P EST M ANAGEMENT LBS Building IARI Campus, NEW DELHI.

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slide1

Increasing production of chickpea & pigeonpea through Intensive application of Integrated Pest Management

Project Proposal

2010-12

Under

Accelerated Pulses Production Programme

NATIONAL CENTRE FOR INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT

LBS Building IARI Campus,

NEW DELHI

slide2

Chickpea - Area =7.63 Mh Production= 5.47 MT

Source DAC Govt. of India (2006-07)

Pigeonpea - Area =3.53 Mh Production= 2.35 MT

In rainfed ecology realizing yield potential of promising varieties depends upon management of biotic and abiotic stresses

Edaphic

Abiotic

Biotic

Plant Diseases

Insects

Nematodes

slide3

Yield Gap in Pulses

Source : Expert Committee Report on Pulses (TMOP) / MOA

slide4

Estimated loss* (%) due to specific pests in Chickpea and Pigeonpea

Chickpea Pigeonpea

Pod borer10-90%Pod borer complex40-60%

Cutworm5-30% Phytophthora blight 5-10%

Termites5-15% Wilt 10-15%

Semilooper 0-10% Sterlity mosaic 10-15%

Wilt/rootrot20-25%Alternaria blight 10-15%

Ascochyta 5-10% Podfly complex10-50%

Botrytis5-10%

* Experimental results

slide6

Insects

No resistance gene for podborer, hence >30% yield losses in Chickpea

The IPM has reduced use of chemical pesticides from 4 to 1 with benefit ratio of 4.79 against 2.37 in Non-IPM

slide17

Status of Major Pests of Pigeonpea in India

Pest Moderate damage areas High damage areas

Wilt UP, Bihar, Jharkh, Guj, T N, WBM S, Karnat, AP MP

PB M S, W B U P

SMV Guj, A P U P, Bihar, M.S., Karnat T N

Pod borer U P, Bihar, W B, Jharkhand M S, Guj, Karnat, A P, T N

(H armigera)

Pod fly U P, Bihar, Jhark, Pun, Hary,U P, Bihar, Jhark, W B

M P

Root knot M S U P, Bihar, Gujarat

Cyst Nematode `M S, A P, T N

slide18

Contribution of plant protection in increasing yield of pulses

Crop Percentage Increase

Pigeon pea 44.57

Moog bean 42.20

Urd bean 48.50

Chickpea 23.64

Lentil 25.00

Based on field experiments

slide21

OBJECTIVES

  • To develop “Nuclear Model Villages” in selective districts for demonstrating IPM modules in farmers’ participatory mode to suit their cropping systems.
  • Capacity building of technical assistants of different blocks, district/block level officers and farmers to enhance their capabilities towards healthy crop production through IPM strategies.
  • To develop and carryout awareness campaigns through conventional (print) and electronic media, to reach areas not covered under this programme.
  • To establish centralized “National Pest Reporting and Alert System” through networking of pulse growers, in addition to strengthening of pest diagnostic laboratory.
slide22

Pigeonpea IPM Module

  • Seed treatment with Trichoderma spp. To reduced wilt incidence.Antagonists strains have potential (T. harzianum, T. viride)
  • Intercropping with sorghum efficiently reduces wilt and pod borer.
  • Fixing of Pheromone traps for monitoring
  • Physical shaking of plants to dislodge grownup pod borer larvae.
  • Spray of HaNPV for pod borer management
  • Crude neem extract 5% (NSKE) against pod borer and pod fly.
  • Chemical pesticides (Emamectin benzoate) under high pest load
slide23

Chickpea IPM Module

  • Field sanitation
  • Seed treatment with Trichoderma and Rhizobium
  • Bird perches
  • Growing of Coriander/Linseed as 10th row intercrop for build up of natural enemies
  • Pheromone traps for H. armigera monitoring
  • Spray of NSKE 5% at flowering / pod formation stage
  • Spray of HaNPV if necessary
  • Endosulfan spray / Emamectin (if epidemic situation)
slide27

Horizontal spread of IPM

Selection of village = SDA + SAU to cover whole village covering maximum of allocated unit.

slide30

Village Katangi, Jabalpur (MP)

Cercospora indica

  • Reduction in green area (50%)
  • Severe defoliation
  • Drop of flowers (> 75%) and buds
slide33

Village level

Elite Farmers

(Meeting at village level)

Tech Asst of A3P

For 1000 ha

Data Entry through

Cyber Cafe

Village Boards, Media

Data verification at SDA level

Data Entry

Friday

SMS to farmers Advisory

SAUs / NCIPM

State Agril. Departments

SAU

Data analysis and issue of Advisory

State

Monitoring, analysis & communication

slide34

e-Pest Surveillance System

Computer with net connection application

Data collection by Tech Asst

Data entry

Data verification by SRF at SAU

Online pest reporting & advisory application

NCIPM database server

Data processing

Pest advisory viewed by state dept officials

Advisory dispersed to Farmers through SMS

Pest advisory fed into the system by experts

Pest reports generated by above application in diff. formats i.e. tabular, graphical and maps

slide35

Networking

Project outlay for 2009-10: Rs 12.79 crore

slide39

Advisory Search

Advisory View

slide40

Seedling mortality is a key constraint in and around Jabalpur

Recommended seed rate : 70-100 kg/ha

Seed rate in use : 120-150 kg/ha

3 days 7 days

Strains of bioagents used as seed dresser are effective against Fusarium wilt, however not effective against Sclerotium rolfsii

slide42

Soils from disease conducive as well as suppressive fields will be collected for analysis and identification of pathogen biotypes. Associated pathogens will be isolated for identification and their effective management and mapping of their occurrence at country level.

slide43

Likely Outputs

Quantitative

  • Increase in Pulse production - reduction in pest incidence / intensity and saved yields.
  • Farmers - decision makers of their own fields.
  • economic upliftment through better C:B ratio
  • e.g., Chickpea IPM 1:4.79 FP 1:2.37
  • Pigeonpea IPM 1:2.96 FP 1:1.87
  • Reduced dependence on chemical pesticides
            • e.g., Chickpea IPM 1 FP 4
            • Pigeonpea IPM 2 FP 6
  • Increase in IPM coverage - healthy environment for human being as well as for pest defenders.
  • Establishing and strengthening - quality control laboratory, critical IPM inputs producing units at SAUs / KVK will serve as a local source of critical IPM inputs.
  • Improvement of soil health – in terms of conservation of soil inhabiting beneficial flora and fauna

Qualitative