Language Arts and Visual Arts. Grade 2 By: Radhai Hariharan. Overview. Students will learn about Native American pictographs and design their own pictograph stories on imitation buffalo hide. They will learn how to communicate using pictographs. Objectives.
Language Arts and Visual Arts Grade 2 By: Radhai Hariharan
Overview Students will learn about Native American pictographs and design their own pictograph stories on imitation buffalo hide. They will learn how to communicate using pictographs.
Objectives • Students will be able to define the word "pictograph" and explain how a pictograph is different from a drawing. • Students will be able to create their own pictographs.
Standards Language Arts 1.5 Identify and correctly use regular plurals (e.g., -s, -es, -ies) and irregular plurals (e.g., fly/ flies, wife/wives). Visual Arts 2.4 Create a painting or drawing, using warm or cool colors expressively. Diversity of the Visual Arts3.3 Identify and discuss how art is used in events and celebrations in various cultures, past and present, including the use in their own lives.
Discuss the idea of communication with the class. Ask how people in our culture communicate with each other- email, cell phone, letters, talk on the phone. What can you do to communicate with someone that doesn’t speak English?
The teacher: “Why didn’t Native Americans just write down their stories like we do today? The teacher explains that Native Americans did not use the alphabet we use today. They used pictures to represent what they wanted to say. These pictures were called pictographs.
Explain that Native Americans did not communicate through writing; instead they told stories and created pictures. Many Plains tribes used special kinds of pictures called pictographs and were often painted on tipis. • Draw a few examples of pictographs: a triangle for a tipi, a lightning zip to represent a storm, a spear to represent war. • Tell students they are going to learn about plural words and will make pictospellings.
Show students one pencil and ask what it is. (they need to say ‘pencil’) • Next show them a bunch of pencils and ask them to say what it is – pencils • Teacher: A word that tells about more than one item is a plural word. When we said ‘pencil' without the 's', it was singular-- just one." • Start writing on the white board some singular and the relating plural word. • Teach 4 regular plurals like : cats, cows, apples, books.
Before beginning to read, ask students to listen for plural words, (words that end in "s" and describe more than one thing) and when they hear them to give you (the teacher) a "thumbs up" signal. Read the book Caps for Sale slowly, being careful to notice the "thumbs up" from the students on the plural words. After reading, have children recall orally (while teacher writes them on the board) the words that were plural. You can show them the pictures that relate to the plural words: caps, monkeys, fingers, hands). Talk about other plural words that were not in the story text, but were shown in the book in pictures. Add them to your collection of plural words on the board.
Make a column of the singular words that relate to the plural words listed. Show students from list on the board that each word is made plural by adding an "-s." Give students the worksheet to demonstrate their understanding.
Materials • brown paper bags with handles (from Trader Joes or Whole Foods) • Markers, crayons or colored pencils • glue
Lesson Art Activity • Each student gets a brown bag that they carefully open out to a rectangle. (model so they see) • Next ask them to crumple the bag into a ball and then to stretch it back out. • Tell them the bag now resembles buffalo skin just after it has been cured. • Now ask students to write some plural words using pictographs.They can use markers, crayons or color pencils to make it colorful.
Assessment • Did the student understand the concept of a pictograph? • Did student understand how to make a plural word and spell it correctly ? • Neatness, attention to detail, and creativity in art work produced.
Lesson Extension • Students can learn about how other cultures communicate. • Discuss how the world would differ if only one language were spoken.
References • http://www.eduref.org/cgi-bin/printlessons.cgi/Virtual/Lessons/Arts/Visual_Arts/ARA0207.html • http://www.worksheetworks.com/english/partsofspeech/nouns/singular-plural.html