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AP Psychology Review
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  1. AP Psychology Review

  2. Success on the AP Psychology Exam • Knowledge • Need to know the material of a typical Introduction to Psychology course at the college level. • Typical college course meets for 15 weeks, 3 times a week for 45 class hours. • Textbooks • Weiten Text: 714 pages • Gleitman Text: 720 pages • Bernstein Text: 627 pages • Myers Text: 794 pages

  3. Success on the AP Psychology Exam • Understanding of the AP Psychology Test • Knowing the basic elements of the AP Psychology test including: • Number of questions in the total test • Number of questions from each individual unit • Types of questions possible • How the questions are arraigned? • How is the test scored? • Penalty for guessing

  4. Success on the AP Psychology Exam • Motivation • Drive to do well on the test • Reasons for a 5 • Time/Work • Willingness to put in the time and effort needed to succeed • Confidence • Feeling you are prepared and have the skills needed to pass the test.

  5. Success on the AP Psychology Exam

  6. Success on the AP Psychology Exam

  7. Success on the AP Psychology Exam

  8. Success on the AP Psychology Exam

  9. Success on the AP Psychology Exam

  10. Success on the AP Psychology Exam

  11. Success on the AP Psychology Exam

  12. Success on the AP Psychology Exam

  13. Success on the AP Psychology Exam

  14. Success on the AP Psychology Exam

  15. Success on the AP Psychology Exam

  16. Success on the AP Psychology Exam

  17. Success on the AP Psychology Exam

  18. Success on the AP Psychology Exam

  19. Test Taking Strategies • General Tips for Test Taking • Multiple Choice Section • Free Response Questions

  20. General Tips for Test Taking • Know the structure of the test • Multiple Choice Section - 100 questions • A-E • Column format • Questions taken from every unit on a percentage basis

  21. AP Psychology Exam Structure History and Approaches 2-4% Research Methods 8-10% Biological Bases of Behavior 8-10% Sensation and Perception 6-8% States of Consciousness 2-4% Learning 7-9% Cognition 8-10% Motivation and Emotion 6-8% Developmental Psychology 7-9% Personality 5-7% Testing and Individual Differences 5-7% Abnormal Psychology 7-9% Treatment of Psychological Disorders 5-7% Social Psychology 8-10%

  22. AP Psychology Exam Structure Research Methods 8-10% Biological Bases of Behavior 8-10% Cognition 8-10% Social Psychology 8-10% Abnormal Psychology 7-9% Developmental Psychology 7-9% Learning 7-9% Motivation and Emotion 6-8% Sensation and Perception 6-8% Personality 5-7% Testing and Individual Differences 5-7% Treatment of Psychological Disorders 5-7% History and Approaches 2-4% States of Consciousness 2-4%

  23. AP Psychology Exam Structure History, Approaches and Research Methods 10-14% Biological Bases of Behavior 8-10% Cognition 8-10% Social Psychology 8-10% Abnormal Psychology 7-9% Developmental Psychology 7-9% Learning 7-9% Motivation and Emotion 6-8% Sensation and Perception 6-8% Personality 5-7% Testing and Individual Differences 5-7% Treatment of Psychological Disorders 5-7% States of Consciousness 2-4%

  24. General Tips for Test Taking • Know the structure of the test • Free Response Section - 2 questions • No choice • Multiple parts

  25. Free Response Question 2009 #1 1. Dimitri and Linda are trying to learn a new routine to compete successfully in a dance competition. Give an example of how each of the following could affect their performance. Definitions without application do not score. • Extrinsic motivation • Punishment • Proactive interference • Endorphins • Vestibular system • Divergent thinking • Introversion

  26. Free Response Question 2009 #2 2. James is in a driver’s education course preparing to take his driving test. The course includes both book work and driving on the road to prepare students for a written test and a road test. (a) Describe how each of the following might influence his ability to drive a car during the road test. Definitions without application do not score. • Cognitive map • Cerebellum • Observational learning • Human factors (b) Describe how each of the following are related to the results of the written test. Definitions without application do not score. • Reticular formation • Predictive validity • Semantic memory

  27. General Tips for Test Taking • Make good use of your time and be aware of time restraints • Multiple Choice - 70 minutes (100 questions) • Free Response - 50 minutes (2 questions) • Bring a watch to the test • Directions on exam (see next slide)

  28. General Tips for Test Taking • Make good use of your time and know your time restraints • “Use your time effectively, working as quickly as you can without losing accuracy. Do not spend too much time on any one question. Go on to other questions and come back to the ones you have not answered if you have time. It is not expected that everyone will know the answers to all of the multiple-choice questions.”

  29. General Tips for Test Taking • Read the directions carefully • “Mark the one best answer” • “Mark all correct answers” • AP Psychology test says: • “Each of the questions or incomplete statements below is followed by five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that is best in each case and then fill in the corresponding oval on the answer sheet.”

  30. General Tips for Test Taking • Know how the test is graded • Multiple Choice • 2/3 of overall grade • 100 Points • Free Response • 1/3 of overall grade • 50 Points • 150 Total Points

  31. General Tips for Test Taking • Is there an adjustment for guessing? • 1.25 points off for each incorrect answer • 1 point off if the question is left blank

  32. General Tips for Test Taking • About Guessing “Many students wonder whether or not to guess the answers to questions about which they are not certain. In this section of the exam, as a correction for random guessing, one-fourth of the number of questions you answer incorrectly will be subtracted from the number of questions you answer correctly. If you are not sure of the best answer but have some knowledge of the question and are able to eliminate one or more of the answer choices, your chance of answering correctly improved, and it may be to your advantage to answer such a question.”

  33. Guessing on the AP Psychology Exam • Why you should guess on the AP Psychology Exam • Jim answers 70 questions and is unsure about the other 30. • If he leaves the 30 questions blank, he gets 70 points. • 70 – (0)( ¼) = 70 • If he guesses at the 30 questions, he is likely to get 1 in 5, or 6, correct and 24 incorrect. • 76 – (24)( ¼) = 70       No difference.  He breaks even. • If he can eliminate one incorrect choice and guess at the 30 questions, he is likely to get 1 in 4, or 7.5, correct.  To be safe, let’s call it 7. • 77 – (23)( ¼) = 71.25   He comes out 1.25 points ahead.

  34. Guessing on the AP Psychology Exam • Why you should guess on the AP Psychology Exam • If he can eliminate two incorrect choices and guess at the 30 questions, he is likely to get 1 in 3, or 10, correct. • 80 – (20)( ¼) = 75      He comes out 5 points ahead. • If he can eliminate three incorrect choices and guess at the 30 questions, he is likely to get 1 in 2, or 15, correct. • 85 – (15)( ¼) = 81.25  He comes out 11.25 points ahead.

  35. General Tips for Test Taking Section I: Multiple Choice [ _____ - (1/4 X _____ )] X 1.000 = __________ Number CorrectNumber WrongMultiple-Choice Score(If less than zero, enter zero) Notes: If any questions are thrown out the 1.0 will change to reflect that change. 1999 – two questions 1.0204 2007 – one question 1.0101

  36. General Tips for Test Taking Section II: Free Response (Assumes one 8 point and one 10 point question) (3.1250 X _______) + (2.500 X ________ ) = _____ Question 1 Question 2 Free Response (Out of 8) (Out of 10) Score Note: The numbers will change dependent on how many points each question in a given year is worth.

  37. General Tips for Test Taking Section III: Composite Score ______________ + ___________ = _______________ Multiple Choice Free Response Composite Score Score Score Section IV: Final Score

  38. General Tips for Test Taking 5 Section I: Multiple Choice [ _____ - (1/4 X _____ )] X 1.000 = __________ Number CorrectNumber WrongMultiple-Choice Score(If less than zero, enter zero) Notes: If any questions are thrown out the 1.0 will change to reflect that change. 74 69 20

  39. General Tips for Test Taking Section III: Composite Score ______________ + ___________ = _______________ Multiple Choice Free Response Composite Score Score Score Section IV: Final Score 69.00

  40. General Tips for Test Taking Section II: Free Response (Assumes two 8 point and 8 point question) (3.1250 X _______) + (2.500 X ________ ) = _____ Question 1 Question 2 Free Response (Out of 8) (Out of 10) Score Note: The numbers will change dependent on how many points each question in a given year is worth. 15 18.75 6 33.75 6

  41. General Tips for Test Taking Section III: Composite Score ______________ + ___________ = _______________ Multiple Choice Free Response Composite Score Score Score Section IV: Final Score 69.00 33.75 102.75

  42. General Tips for Test Taking • Don’t waste time with extremely difficult questions • Don't waste time pondering difficult-to-answer questions excessively. If you have no idea at all, just guess (if there is no penalty for doing so) and go on. If you need to devote a good deal of time to the question, skip it and mark it so you can return to it later if time permits.

  43. General Tips for Test Taking • Are charts, graphs, drawings, etc. on the test? • Are there names on the test?

  44. General Tips for Test Taking • Keep to the level of the test • Adopt the appropriate level of sophistication for the test. Don't read things into questions. Sometimes students make things more complex that they were intended to be. Often, simple-looking questions are just what they appear to be. • AP Psychology test appears to go from easiest questions to the hardest questions.

  45. General Tips for Test Taking • Ask questions if you can • Unless it is explicitly forbidden, don't hesitate to ask the examiner to clarify a question when necessary. Many examiners will graciously provide a great deal of useful information. • AP Psychology test: You cannot ask any questions.

  46. General Tips for Test Taking • If possible, review your answers • If you complete all of the questions and still have some time remaining, review the test. Make sure that you have recorded your answers correctly, especially when using a scanner sheet. If you were unsure of some answers, go back and reconsider them.

  47. Tips for Multiple Choice Questions Multiple Choice Question Structure Stem 1.Which of the following is responsible for focusing the image on the retina? Decoys/distracters A. cornea B. optic nerve C. rods D. cones Correct Answer E. lens

  48. Tips for Multiple Choice Questions Anticipate the answer As you read the stem of each multiple choice question, anticipate the answer if you can, before looking at the options. If the answer you anticipated is among the options, it is likely to be the correct one.

  49. Tips for Multiple Choice Questions Anticipate the answer When Shelly first had cable television service installed, Public Broadcasting (PBS) was on channel 9. Her cable company then switched PBS to channel 16. Shelly now has trouble remembering that PBS is on channel 16 and not on channel 9. This memory problem represents (AP Psychology Exam 2004 #86)