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AP Psychology Test Review

AP Psychology Test Review. States of Consciousness. :25. The process by which the brain creates a model of internal and external experience is defined as:. Unconsciousness Pre consciousness Consciousness Non consciousness Semi consciousness. :25.

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AP Psychology Test Review

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  1. AP Psychology Test Review States of Consciousness

  2. :25 The process by which the brain creates a model of internal and external experience is defined as: • Unconsciousness • Pre consciousness • Consciousness • Non consciousness • Semi consciousness

  3. :25 How is the conscious mind different from the unconscious mind? • The conscious mind holds our vast hidden desires • The conscious mind is much more limited in the amount of information it can process at any one time • The conscious mind is not under our waking control • The conscious mind holds repressed memories • Our Unconscious mind is only active during sleep

  4. :25 The deepest point in the sleep cycle, when brain activity is the slowest, occurs in: • Stage 1, about three hours after falling asleep • Stage 2 sleep, about one hour after falling asleep • Stage 4, about a half an hour after falling asleep • Stage 3, about two hours before waking up • Hypnagogic sleep, about one hour before waking up

  5. :25 According to Freud, the manifest content of a dream refers to: • The setting of the dream • The story line of the dream • Whether the dream is in the color or black and white • The emotional tone of the dream • The symbolic meaning of the dream

  6. :25 Which of the following is true of hypnosis? • Hypnosis is a form of REM sleep • Hypnosis is accompanied by delta wave activity of the brain • Hypnosis is a state of awareness associated with relaxation and susceptibility • Hypnosis is a form of non-REM sleep • Hypnotic analgesia is blocked by the drug naloxone

  7. Participant Scores

  8. :25 Of the following, which does your hypothalamus regulate over the course of 24 hrs? • Hormone Levels • Body Temperature • Blood Sugar • Activity Levels • All of the above

  9. :25 The two simultaneous streams of awareness produced during hypnosis are: • Susceptibility and Hypnotic trance • Hypnotic analgesia and Corroboration • Hypoxia and anosmia • Communication with the therapist and the “hidden observer” • Cataplexy and Transcendentalism

  10. :25 All of the following are indicative of narcolepsy EXCEPT: • Sleep attacks • Elevated blood pressure • Cataplexy • Brief periods of REM sleep • Excessive sleepiness

  11. 25 The most frequently used psychoactive drug in the United States is: • Alcohol • Cocaine • Caffeine • Heroin • Marijuana

  12. 25 Which of the following sleep phenomena could be detected without the aid of an EEG machine? • Stage 2 sleep • Stage 3 sleep • Sleep spindles • K complexes • REM sleep

  13. Participant Scores

  14. 25 Which of the following best describes the stability of sleep cycles? • They are innate so they cannot be modified • They are innate but can be modified in times of stress • They are entirely learned but are difficult to modify • They are entirely learned and, thus, may be easily modified • They are learned and allow us to change them at our will

  15. 25 Research suggests that the two most basic states of sleep are: • Alpha and beta sleep • Stage 4 and REM sleep • REM and paradoxical sleep • REM and Non-REM sleep • Hypnagogic and alpha stage sleep

  16. 25 Non-REM sleep occurs mainly in: • Stage 2 sleep • Stage 1 sleep • Stage 3 sleep • Stage 4 sleep • All of the above

  17. 25 That there is a need for REM sleep is suggested by: • REM Rebound • REM tolerance • Eye movements accompanying REM sleep • Paralysis during REM sleep • Both 1 and 2

  18. 25 Which of the following is a correct match? • Stage 1 - light sleep • Stage 3 - alpha waves • Stage 2 - beta waves • Stage 4 - sleep spindles • REM sleep – Pituitary gland secretion

  19. Participant Scores

  20. 25 Sleepwalking and talking: • Occur most often in association with night terrors • Occur during REM sleep and is therefore rather brief • Occur during sleep stages 3 and 4 • Is the outward expression of dream content • Are dangerous sleep disorders

  21. 25 Extensive study of dreams indicates that: • Nearly all dreams are sexual • Most dreams are extensions of everyday experience • Pleasant emotions are more frequent in dreams than unpleasant • The content of dreams usually deals with psychological violence • Dreams have no meaning

  22. 25 At the center of the activation-synthesis hypothesis of dreaming is the need to: • Give expression to unfulfilled wishes • Provide an outlet for repressed thoughts • Provide explanations for physiological activity • Exhibit socially acceptable behavior • Describe how we process new information

  23. 25 As you are reading this question, you are probably not thinking about what you ate for lunch. The memory of what you ate for lunch is most likely in your: • Nonconscious • Preconscious • Unconsciousness • Sensory memory • Attention

  24. 25 Which has enabled psychologists to learn the most about sleep processes over the last 50 years? • Psychopharmacology • Lesions • EEG’s • CT Scans • MRI

  25. Participant Scores

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