Bismarck’s Foreign Policy. Bismarck’s Foreign Policy Aims before 1870. Make Prussian influence greater than Austria’s amongst the German States (nations – as they were before 1870)
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Make Prussian influence greater than Austria’s amongst the German States (nations – as they were before 1870)
Contain the hostility of France (which had increased as Prussia’s influence over the German States had increased)
Maintain the status quo (keep things the same): meaning that:
For B, the kleindeutsch settlement of 1871 was final
his primary aim was to prevent external events from disrupting what he had achieved
Three Emperors’ League 1873
- Alliance between Germany, Russia and Austria-Hungary.
Dual Alliance 1879
– Germany and Austria-Hungary
Triple Alliance 1882
– Germany, A-H and Italy
Reinsurance Treaty 1887
- Germany and Russia
Three Emperors’ League 1873 (renewed 1881) -Alliance between Germany, Russia and Austria-Hungary. Goal of isolating France, who was still upset over the loss of Alsace-Lorraine and wanted ‘revanche’ against Germany.
See Flagship p87 and Access to History p18-19 & p28
Dual Alliance 1879 – Germany and Austria-Hungary
– anti-German feelings in Russia following the 1878 Congress of Berlin led to Bismarck wanting to make Germany’s relations with Austria-Hungary more secure.
See Flagship p89 and Access to History p27
Triple Alliance 1882 – Germany, A-H and Italy
When the French occupied Tunisia, Bismarck took advantage of Italian resentment towards France and created the Triple Alliance between Germany, Italy and Austria- Hungary
In exchange for Italy's agreement to stay neutral if war broke out between Austria-Hungary and Russia, Germany and Austria-Hungary would protect Italy from France.
See Flagship p89 and Access to History p28-29