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AP Psychology Test Review. Ch 4 – Sensation and Perception. 25. Weber’s Law aims to explain:. The difference between two thresholds The just noticeable difference between multiple thresholds How we adapt to our surroundings That loudness is the key determinant of recognition

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AP Psychology Test Review


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    1. AP Psychology Test Review Ch 4 – Sensation and Perception

    2. 25 Weber’s Law aims to explain: • The difference between two thresholds • The just noticeable difference between multiple thresholds • How we adapt to our surroundings • That loudness is the key determinant of recognition • The sensory abilities of people are the same

    3. 25 The process by which sensory information is converted into neural energy is called: • Conversion • Emersion • Eversion • Transduction • Transformation

    4. :25 Seventy-five-year-old Timothy has difficulty hearing high-pitched sounds. Most likely his hearing problem involves: • His eardrum • His auditory canal • The bones of his middle ear • The hair cells of his inner ear • The inner limbic system

    5. 25 Little Susan has a dog at home. She visits a park and sees a deer. Last year when she saw a deer, she called it a dog. This year, she called it by it’s right name. What process has occurred here? • Assimilation • Schematic Conversion • Accommodation • Perceptual shift • None of the above

    6. 25 During the process of visual capture, why does your sense of sight dominate over your other senses? • The sense of sight is the most powerful of the senses • The sense of sight is the most evolved of the senses • The sense of hearing is overloaded • Figure and ground affect our ability to converge on a focused object • All of the above

    7. Participant Scores

    8. 25 A child seeing shoes with shoelaces for the very first time instead of Velcro would be using this type of processing to understand her situation. • Bottom –up processing • Top-down processing • Both bottom-up and top-down processing • Perceptual constancy • None of the above

    9. 25 How are your sense of touch and sense of hearing similar? • They both have a long process of transmission • They both involve transduction • They can be unreliable • Both 1 and 3 • None of the above

    10. 25 The theory that best accounts for the experience of pain is: • The opponent-process theory • Weber’s law • The trichromatic theory • The direct perception theory • The gate control theory

    11. 25 Tasting a carrot is ______; remembering that you hate the taste of carrots is ______. • Sensation; sensation • Perception; perception • Sensation; perception • Perception; Sensation • None of the above is correct

    12. 25 Nerve impulses that carry information about the external world travel along ____ to specialized processing areas in the brain. • Vestibular canals • Nerve Endings • Sensory pathways • Olfactory epithelium • Photoreceptors

    13. Participant Scores

    14. 25 If you are able to taste one teaspoon of salt in a bucketful of hot buttered popcorn, this amount is above your: • Difference threshold • Equilibrium • Vestibular sense • Olfaction • Absolute threshold

    15. 25 The blind spot refers to the region of the eye at which the ______ exit(s) the eye: • Blood vessels • Cones • Optic nerve • Retina • Bipolar cells

    16. 25 The pure sound that is produced when you strike a tuning fork has the physical properties of: • Timbre and pitch • Frequency and amplitude • Volume and loudness • Loudness and speed • Key and intensity

    17. 25 Place the following in the correct order concerning how a message travels through the ear. • Tympanic membrane, hammer/anvil/stirrup, basilar membrane, cochlea, auditory nerve • Tympanic membrane, hammer/anvil/stirrup, cochlea, basilar membrane, auditory nerve • Hammer/anvil/stirrup, tympanic membrane, cochlea, basilar membrane, auditory nerve • Cochlea, Basilar membrane, tympanic membrane, hammer/anvil/stirrup, auditory nerve • Tympanic membrane, cochlea, hammer/anvil/stirrup, basilar membrane, auditory nerve

    18. 25 Place theory argues that sounds of different frequencies induce vibration in different areas of the: • Hammer • Basilar membrane • Auditory nerve • Temporal lobe • Tympanic membrane

    19. Participant Scores

    20. 25 The receptors for body position and movement are located: • In the parietal cortex • In the inner ear • In the outer layer of the skin • Within the corpus callosum • Within the spinal cord

    21. 25 Your dog has been lost for three days, and you cannot stop thinking about him. When you hear a bark, you assume that it is Fuzzy, because of: • Location constancy • Closure • The law of common fate • Bottom-up processing • Top-down processing

    22. 25 The concept of ______ explains why a shirt looks the same shade of orange in dim light or in sunlight. • Closure • The law of proximity • The placebo effect • Color constancy • Olfaction

    23. 25 As you view an abstract painting, you eventually see the red as the people and the black as the background. This demonstrates: • Proximity • Illusory contour • Figure-ground • Ambiguity • Continuity

    24. 25 According to the Gestalt principle of ______, even when we see a line take a 90 degree turn, we still see it as the same line. • Proximity • Similarity • Figure-ground • Continuity • Common fate

    25. Participant Scores