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Psychology MCQs ~Emotion~

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  1. Psychology MCQs ~Emotion~

  2. 1. The most common basis for differentiating between emotion and motivation assumes that the emotion is aroused by ________ and that motivation is aroused by a. instincts, drives. b. drives, instincts. c. internal events, external events. d. external events, internal events. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2. ________ involve a mixture of physiological arousal, behavior, and thought. a. Needs b. Beliefs c. All of these choices are true. d. Emotions

  3. 3. Emotions differ from moods in that emotions a. have a clear cause. b. All of these choices are correct. c. are longer lasting. d. implicate a multiple component system. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4. If you see a lion in your living room, you will experience extreme arousal; if you see the same lion at the zoo, no such panic occurs. This illustrates a. Cannon's theory. b. the facial feedback hypothesis. c. the James-Lange theory. d. the role of cognitive appraisal on emotions.

  4. 5. Cognitive appraisals are largely responsible for what aspect of emotions? a. determining the physiological response to the emotion b. differentiating emotions c. differentiating facial expressions d. determining all behavioral responses -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 6. Theorists differ in their views about patterns of physiological arousal and the differentiation of emotion. William James and Carl Lange would argue that the patterns are ________ for different emotions; Schachter and Singer would argue that they are a. the same, the same. b. different, the same. c. different, different. d. the same, different.

  5. 7. The theory of William James differs from more recent theories of emotion, such as that of Schachter and Singer, in that James ignored the ________ aspect of emotion. a. behavioral b. cognitive c. evolutionary d. physiological -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 8. Certain medications produce a dry mouth and elevate the heart rate. What reaction might you expect when someone taking these medications (without knowing of any side effects) is placed in an anxiety-provoking situation? a. a stronger anxiety reaction than otherwise b. a milder anxiety reaction than otherwise c. an anxiety reaction similar to what would have occurred had the person not been on medication d. an intense physical reaction without experience of anxiety

  6. 9. If you run up several flights of stairs and are then provoked, you are likely to respond more aggressively than if you had not just run up the stairs. These data support what aspect of emotions? a. misattribution of arousal b. James-Lange theory c. Schachter and Singer's two-factor theory d. the importance of facial feedback -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10. The minimalist appraisal theories all reduce our emotional appraisals to a. the minimal sufficient dimensions for appraisal. b. core patterns of appraisal. c. 6 dimensions of appraisal. d. a small range of dimensions of appraisal.

  7. 11. Which of the following statements about cognitive appraisals of emotions is correct? a. They primarily result from conscious processing. b. They result from conscious and unconscious processing. c. None of these choices is correct. d. They primarily result from unconscious processing. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12. Imagine that as a child you had to undergo a series of painful treatments in a physician's office. Now as an adult, you return for a visit with the same physician and experience terrible fear while sitting in her waiting room. This is an example of a. nonspecific arousal. b. rational modulation of emotions. c. emotion without cognition. d. emotion without physiological arousal.

  8. 13. Positive emotional appraisals lead to what kind of tendencies in life? a. All of these choices are correct. b. more playfullness c. an openness to experiences d. increase life span -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 14. Imagine that a snarling dog runs up to you as are riding your bicycle. What part(s) of your brain is primarily involved in your response? a. hypothalamus b. cortex c. sympathetic nervous system d. All of these choices are true.

  9. 15. When we experience ________ and ________ , skin temperature may be reduced. a. anger, happiness b. surprise, anger c. fear, disgust d. grief, sadness -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 16. How are the physiological responses to the negative emotions different from the responses to positive emotions? a. Heart rates are decreased when expressing positive emotions. b. Skin temperatures are increased when expressing positive emotions. c. Heart rates are increased when expressing positive emotions. d. Skin temperatures are decreased when expressing positive emotions.

  10. 17. According to the James-Lange theory of emotions, you know you are afraid of snakes because a. of learning about poisonous snakes. b. you run when you see one. c. of your cognitive appraisal of the danger. d. All of these choices are true. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 18. A freshman student exclaimed, "I know I'm afraid of Dr. Jones because every time I enter his class I break out in a sweat and the muscles in my forehead tense up in a very special way." This statement best illustrates ________ theory of emotion. a. a psychodynamic b. the Cannon c. the James-Lange d. a humanistic-existential

  11. 19. Studies of people attempting to identify emotional reactions in photographs of individuals from other cultures have shown that a. it is difficult to judge the emotions of people from a different culture. b. certain facial expressions have a universal meaning. c. emotional expression within cultural groups varies as much as between groups. d. there are wide cultural variations in expressions of the same emotion. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 20. You are joining the Peace Corps and are being given special training in the local customs, religion, and language of your host country. You would require the least training to properly understand which of the following? a. linguistic expressions b. mealtime customs c. body posture d. facial expressions

  12. 21. The learned aspects of emotional expression are called ________ . a. native expressions b. display rules c. experience rules d. cognitive appraisals -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22. Why might two individuals from widely different cultures be unable to recognize the expression of emotions in the same manner? a. differences in facial structure would lead to differences in ability to express b. their emotional display rule may be different c. all emotional expressions are different across all cultures d. because of genetic differences in capacity to express the emotions

  13. 23. Research indicates that facial expression may exert its influence on emotional experience a. only in highly suggestible individuals. b. indirectly, by increasing autonomic arousal. c. indirectly, by changing the individual's cognitive appraisal of his or her own emotion. d. directly, by providing cognitive feedback to the individual about the true nature of the emotion he or she is experiencing. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 24. Your aunt Susan always tells you smile when ever you are sad What effect would this have on your emotions? a. It is impossible to tell. b. It would make you happier. c. It would have no effect. d. It would make you sad.

  14. 25. What aspect of the emotions would be less susceptible to the effects of gender and culture? a. the emotion responses of subjective experience b. those that precede appraisal c. those linked to responses to emotions d. all of these choices -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 26. What aspect of the emotions would be most susceptible to the effects of gender and culture? a. all of these choices b. bodily responses c. those linked to responses to emotions d. the emotion responses of subjective experience

  15. 27. Males more readily express ________, while females more readily express ________? a. anger, happiness b. pride, grief c. sadness, anger d. anger, fear -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 28. Which of the following is not an example of aggression? a. Marge disciplines her child with a spanking. b. Charlie comes home after a bad day and kicks the dog. c. Country A invades Country B. d. Tommy steps on a nail and kicks Jon in the process of jumping away.

  16. 29. A psychologist holding the frustration-aggression hypothesis would attribute aggression to a. brain damage. b. problems in society. c. learning. d. inborn tendencies. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 30. After Adam observes his father praising his brother for a particularly hard tackle in a soccer game, Adam tries the same move in his next practice. What does his behavior illustrate? a. arousal reduction b. the effect of catharsis c. vicarious learning d. self-reinforcement

  17. Q1:d Q2:d Q3:b Q4:d Q5:b Q6:b Q7:b Q8:a Q9:a Q10:b Q11:d Q12:c Q13:a Q14:a Q15:c Q16:a Q17:b Q18:c Q19:b Q20:d Q21:a Q22:b Q23:b Q24:b Q25:a Q26:c Model Answers • Q27:d • Q28:d • Q29:d • Q30:c

  18.  Good Luck 