It’s Not Just About Sugar Anymore!. Answering the myths and mysteries of the “diabetic diet”. Cooperative Extension programs and employment are available to all without discrimination. Evidence of noncompliance may be reported through your local Cooperative Extension office. March, 2006
Answering the myths and
mysteries of the “diabetic diet”
Cooperative Extension programs and employment are available to all without discrimination. Evidence of noncompliance may be reported through your local Cooperative Extension office.
the “diabetic diet”.
Type 1 requires daily injections of insulin. This usually starts during childhood, when the body is unable to make insulin.
Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes. The body does not use insulin very well. Early on this can be controlled by diet and exercise. Later on it requires pills or insulin.Two Types of Diabetes?
Regular Health Checks
People with diabetes can eat as much as they want as long as it doesn’t have sugar.
Sugar is a carbohydrate, like bread, cereal, and potatoes.
All carbohydrates raise blood sugar.
Sweets / sugars tend to have more carbohydrates in “smaller packages”.
Sweets can be included in a healthy diet – plan ahead and know how many carbohydrates they contain.Myth # 1
People with diabetes should only eat foods sweetened with sugar substitutes instead of sugar.
People with diabetes do not need “special foods”.
It’s about the total amount of carbohydrates in the foods.
Foods sweetened with sugar substitutes may still have carbohydrates that can cause the blood sugar to raise.
Read “Nutrition Facts” on food labels for total carbohydrate content.
15 g 5%Myth #2
One serving of “carb” = 15 grams
People with diabetes should not eat too many starchy foods, because starch raises blood glucose and makes you gain weight.
People with diabetes can eat starchy or carbohydrate foods. These foods have many important nutrients.
Fiber is one of the important nutrients.
Fiber is filling and helps lower blood cholesterol and possibly blood sugar.
High fiber foods are whole grain breads and cereals, fruits, cooked or canned dried beans, and vegetables.Myth # 3
People with diabetes should eat lots of protein to stay healthy and strong.
Protein is needed to build and repair body tissue.
People with diabetes do not need more protein.
Most people need 5-6 ounces of protein foods per day.
Controlling portion sizes and choosing lean meats can help prevent heart disease, a complication of diabetes.
3 ounce serving of meat
= size of a deck of cardsMyth # 4
People with diabetes don’t have to worry about eating fat because it doesn’t affect blood sugar.
Fat does not affect blood sugar, but can increase the risk of heart disease.
Heart disease is the # 1 complication of diabetes.
A heart healthy diet which is low in fat, saturated fat, salt and high in fiber and includes heart healthy oils can reduce this risk.
Best choices are lean meats, fish, poultry, low fat dairy products, fruits and vegetables, canola or olive oil.
Add less fat and salt.Myth #5
People with diabetes should not eat snacks because snacking makes you gain weight and makes the blood glucose too high.
Snacks can be helpful in keeping people from getting too hungry and overeating.
Snacks can be helpful in preventing low blood sugar for people using insulin or other medications for diabetes.
The key is to plan healthy low fat, low calorie snacks.Myth # 6