FIRST AID REVIEW . BURNS. Check that scene is safe Remove from source Apply cool water Cover loosely with sterile dressing Chemical Burns: Flush with water for at least 20 minutes, especially eyes. MUSCULOSKETAL INJURIES. Dislocation – displacement of bones from normal position at joint
R. I. C. E.
Sling and Binder- check for feeling, warmth and color beyond the injury (Shoulder)
Rigid Splint- padding or board under injured part ( (forearm)
Anatomic Splint- bandage injured body part to uninjured body part (leg injury)
Soft Splint- Wrap a soft object around injured body part , pillow/blanket (ankle injury)
Common Signals include:
Stroke Recognition (FAST)
Seizure:After seizure, check for life-threatening conditions and for possible injury while trying to provide privacy for the person.
Poisons can enter the body by:
Severity of a poisoning depends on the type and amount, time elapsed since poison entered the body, person’s size, weight and age. Call 9-1-1 immediately.
Removing a bee sting:Scrape the stinger away from the skin with the edge of a plastic card.
2 Conditions that result in overexposure to the cold:
Frostbite:Get person to warm environment and then warm parts using skin-to-skin contact. DO NOT immerse frostbite parts in hot water. Freezing of body tissues.
Hypothermia: A life-threatening condition that develops when the body’s warming mechanisms fail to maintain normal body temperature.
Dehydration:Can be heat or cold related. Replace lost fluids.
Heat related illnesses include:
Heat Cramps, Heat exhaustion, Heat Stroke
Heat Cramps: Painful spasms of skeletal muscles that develop after heavy exercise or work outdoors in warm or moderate temperatures.
Heat Exhaustion: Early stage and most common form of heat related illness. Get person out of heat and into cool place.
Heat Stroke: A life-threatening condition that develops when the body’s cooling mechanism fails.