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FIRST AID - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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FIRST AID. PAGES 341-342. Minor Injuries. Muscle Cramp. Sudden and sometimes painful contractions of the muscles Occur when muscles are: Tired Overworked Dehydrated Treatment Stretch and massage Drink water. Strain. Injury to a muscle or tendon

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Presentation Transcript
first aid
FIRST AID
  • PAGES 341-342
muscle cramp
Muscle Cramp
  • Sudden and sometimes painful contractions of the muscles
  • Occur when muscles are:
    • Tired
    • Overworked
    • Dehydrated
  • Treatment
    • Stretch and massage
    • Drink water
strain
Strain
  • Injury to a muscle or tendon
  • Tendons attach muscles to bones
sprain
Sprain
  • Injury to a ligament
  • Ligaments attach bones to bones
treatment for minor injuries
Treatment for minor injuries
  • (Protect from further injury)
  • R.I.C.E.
  • REST
  • ICE – 20 minutes on, 20 minutes off
  • COMPRESSION
  • ELEVATION
tendonitis
Tendonitis
  • Tendons are inflamed or swollen
  • Ice and rest
fractures
Fractures
  • Break in the bone
  • Closed fracture (simple) – bone stays in the skin
  • Open fracture (compound) - bone breaks through the skin.
dislocation
Dislocation
  • Separation of the bone from the joint
  • **Do not try to put back into place**
treatment for fractures and dislocation
Treatment for fractures and dislocation
  • Immobilize
  • Call 911 or go to ER
concussion
Concussion
  • Results from a blow to the head
  • Can cause swelling of the brain
  • Warning signs include:
    • Headache
    • Vomiting
    • Dizziness
    • Loss of memory
  • Seek medical help immediately