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First Aid Review First Aid Review 77.1702 (a) Each operator of a surface coal mine shall make arrangements with a licensed physician, medical service, medical clinic, or hospital to provide 24-hour emergency medical assistance for any person injured at the mine.

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slide3

First Aid Review

77.1702

(a) Each operator of a surface coal mine shall make arrangements with a licensed physician, medical service, medical clinic, or hospital to provide 24-hour emergency medical assistance for any person injured at the mine.

(b) Each operator shall make arrangements with an ambulance service, or otherwise provide for 24-hour emergency transportation for any person injured at the mine.

slide4

First Aid Review

  • Definition:
    • The immediate care given to a person who is injured or ill.
  • Principle goals:
    • Ensure the safety of rescuer and patient.
    • Identify the causes of injury.
    • Stabilize the neck and care for life threatening injuries.
    • Arrange for transportation.
    • Continue patient assessment
first aid scene safety
First AidScene Safety
  • Make sure the area is safe
    • What caused the injury or accident?
  • Ensure Personal Safety
    • Protect yourself with gloves, masks, before you act.
    • You wouldn’t work with toxic chemical without the proper protection would you?
first aid patient assessment
First AidPatient Assessment
  • Primary Survey
    • ABC’s and severe bleeding
    • Life Threatening conditions
  • Secondary Survey
    • DE
    • Thorough Head to toe “hands on” examination for wounds, burns, musculoskeletal injuries and anything else that will require treatment.
first aid patient assessment7
First AidPatient Assessment
  • A (Airway)
    • Assess for unresponsiveness
    • Open the Airway (Head tilt-Chin lift)
  • B (Breathing)
    • Look, Listen and Feel for Breathing
    • If not breathing, give two normal breaths
  • C (Circulation)
    • Check Pulse at Carotid Artery (5-10 seconds)
    • If no pulse, start chest compressions
first aid patient assessment8
First AidPatient Assessment
  • D
    • Assess for Deformity
    • Hands on; Head to toe Examination for all other injuries and conditions that will require treatment
  • E
    • Expose
    • If you can’t see it, you can’t treat it
first aid cpr and rescue breathing
First AidCPR and Rescue Breathing
  • ABC’s
  • Ratio
    • 30 compressions to 2 breaths
    • 1 breath every 5 seconds
  • Rate
    • Hard and Fast
    • 12 breaths per minute
first aid control of bleeding
First AidControl of Bleeding
  • Direct Pressure
    • 95%
  • Elevation
    • 97%
  • Pressure Points
    • 99%
  • Tourniquet
    • Last resort 1%
first aid burns
First AidBurns
  • Degree
    • First (Superficial)
    • Second (Partial Thickness)
    • Third (Full Thickness)
  • Treatment
    • Remove heat
    • Prevent contamination
    • Over Bandage; loosely
first aid musculoskeletal injuries
First AidMusculoskeletal Injuries
  • Splinting
    • Immobilize the jointabove and thejointbelow
    • When in doubt, SPLINT
  • Elevate
  • Apply cold compresses
  • Do we ever want to attempt to "straighten out a broken bone or fracture?
first aid shock
First AidShock
  • Treat for Shock on all patients from the beginning.
  • Shock can kill, even though the injuries wouldn’t.
  • Be calm and reassuring
  • Keep the patient warm
  • Elevate feet, if no back or head injuries.
slide14

First Aid Review

  • Definition:
    • The immediate care given to a person who is injured or ill.
  • Principle goals:
    • Ensure the safety of rescuer and patient.
    • Identify the causes of injury.
    • Stabilize the neck and care for life threatening injuries.
    • Arrange for transportation.
    • Continue patient assessment
first aid scene safety15
First AidScene Safety
  • Make sure the area is safe
    • What caused the injury or accident?
  • Ensure Personal Safety
    • Protect yourself with gloves, masks, before you act.
    • You wouldn’t work with toxic chemical without the proper protection would you?
first aid patient assessment16
First AidPatient Assessment
  • Primary Survey
    • ABC’s and severe bleeding
    • Life Threatening conditions
  • Secondary Survey
    • DE
    • Thorough Head to toe “hands on” examination for wounds, burns, musculoskeletal injuries and anything else that will require treatment.
first aid patient assessment17
First AidPatient Assessment
  • A
    • Assess for unresponsiveness
    • Open the Airway (Head tilt-Chin lift)
  • B
    • Look, Listen and Feel for Breathing
    • If not breathing, give two normal breaths
  • C
    • Check Pulse at Carotid Artery (5-10 seconds)
    • If no pulse, start chest compressions
first aid patient assessment18
First AidPatient Assessment
  • D
    • Assess for Deformity
    • Hands on; Head to toe Examination for all other injuries and conditions that will require treatment
  • E
    • Expose
    • If you can’t see it, you can’t treat it
first aid cpr and rescue breathing19
First AidCPR and Rescue Breathing
  • ABC’s
  • Ratio
    • 30 compressions to 2 breaths
    • 1 breath every 5 seconds
  • Rate
    • Hard and Fast
    • 12 breaths per minute
first aid control of bleeding20
First AidControl of Bleeding
  • Direct Pressure
    • 95%
  • Elevation
    • 97%
  • Pressure Points
    • 99%
  • Tourniquet
    • Last resort
first aid burns21
First AidBurns
  • Degree
    • First (Superficial)
    • Second (Partial Thickness)
    • Third (Full Thickness)
  • Treatment
    • Remove heat
    • Prevent contamination
    • Over Bandage; loosely
first aid musculoskeletal injuries22
First AidMusculoskeletal Injuries
  • Splint
    • Immobilize the joint above and the joint below
    • When in doubt, SPLINT
  • Elevate
  • Apply cold compresses
first aid shock23
First AidShock
  • Treat for Shock on all patients from the beginning.
  • Shock can kill, even though the injuries wouldn’t.
  • Be calm and reassuring
  • Keep the patient warm
  • Elevate feet, if no back or head injuries.