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FIRST AID - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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FIRST AID. FIRST AID. OBJECTIVES RISK ASSESSMENT PROPER APPLICATION OF A FIELD OR PRESSURE DRESSING AND TOURNIQUET FIRST AID FOR BURNS IDENTIFY AND TREAT CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING. FIRST AID INSTRUCTION. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION:. RISK ASSESSMENT:. - MINEFIELD INJURIES

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

FIRST AID

  • OBJECTIVES
    • RISK ASSESSMENT
    • PROPER APPLICATION OF A FIELD OR PRESSURE DRESSING AND TOURNIQUET
    • FIRST AID FOR BURNS
    • IDENTIFY AND TREAT CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING
slide3

FIRST AID INSTRUCTION

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION:

RISK ASSESSMENT:

- MINEFIELD INJURIES

- CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING

EXTREMELY HIGH

EXTREMELY HIGH

RISK MANAGEMENT & REDUCTION:

HAZARD

CONTROLS

MINE AWARENESS INSTRUCTION

- MINEFIELD INJURIES

- CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING

REVIEW FIRST AID FOR MINE RELATED INJURIES

FIELD CRAFT CLASSES (STOVE OPERATION)

SITUATION AWARENESS (CAUSES OF CO POISONING)

FIRST AID FOR CO POISONING

slide4

APPLY FIELD DRESSING

  • UNCOVER THE WOUND
  • APPLY THE CASUALTY’S FIELD DRESSING
  • APPLY MANUAL PRESSURE AND ELEVATE LIMB
  • APPLY PRESSURE DRESSING IF BLEEDING CONTINUES
  • PERFORM ADDITIONAL FIRST AID MEASURES IF NECESSARY
slide6

CARBON MONOXIDE INHALATION

  • CARBON MONOXIDE CAUSES MORE POISONING DEATHS THAN ANY OTHER SUBSTANCE. IT IS PRODUCED DURING THE INCOMPLETE BURNING OF ORGANIC FUELS. CARBON MONOXIDE IS A COLORLESS, ODORLESS, TASTELESS GAS; WHICH MAKES ITS DETECTION IN THE AIR DIFFICULT AND THUS INCREASE THE HAZARD. USUALLY THE VICTIM DOES NOT REALIZE WHAT IS HAPPENING UNTIL IT IS TOO LATE.
slide7

WARNING SYMPTOMS OF CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING

  • SENSE OF PRESSURE IN THE HEAD
  • ROARING/ RINGING SENSATION OF THE EARS
  • PATIENT IS CONFUSED AND UNABLE TO THINK CLEARLY
  • DRUNK APPEARANCE
  • OFTEN VOMITING
  • INCONTINENT
  • CONVULSIONS
  • BOUNDING PULSE
slide8

WARNING SYMPTOMS CONTINUED

  • CHERRY RED LIPS
  • DILATED PUPILS
  • COMA
  • NOTE: YOU SHOULD CONSIDER CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING WHENEVER CONFRONTED WITH A GROUP OF PEOPLE WITH DIFFERENT SYMPTOMS WHO ARE SHARING ACCOMMODATIONS.
slide9

TREATMENT FOR CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING

  • REMOVE THE PATIENT FROM THE EXPOSURE SITE
  • PROVIDE PATIENT WITH 100% OXYGEN OR EXPOSE HIM TO FRESH AIR
  • MONITOR THE PATIENT FOR FURTHER RESPIRATORY DISTRESS
  • EVACUATE PATIENT TO MTF
slide10

CARBON MONOXIDE PREVENTION

  • RUN ENGINES OUTDOORS OR WITH DOORS/ WINDOWS OPEN
  • KEEP WINDOWS CRACKED WHERE YOU SLEEP
  • DO NOT USE ENGINE EXHAUST FOR HEAT