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  5. India • The Himalayas: • Mountain range in Asia • Separate the Indian subcontinent from Asia • Planet’s highest and home to all fourteen of the world’s highest peaks

  6. India • The Himalayas: • The Himalaya range runs for about 1490 miles and the width varies between 155-190 miles • Source of three of the world’s major river systems, the Indus Basin, the Ganga-Brahmaputra Basin, and the Yangtze Basin

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  20. India • The mountains of the Hindu Kush: • Western end of the Himalaya range • Lessen in height as they stretch westward • Numerous high passes cross the mountains : • -caravan trade • -invasion route onto the subcontinent

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  25. India • The Deccan plateau: • Large triangular plateau • Flanked by the Eastern and Western Ghats • Covers a total area of 735,000 square miles • Region is mostly semi-arid • Climate ranges from hot summers to mild winters.

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  29. India • The Indus River: • Source water is in the Tibetan plateau • Flows in a southern direction into the Arabian Sea near the city of Karachi • Length of the river is 1988 miles

  30. India • Indus River Civilization: • Major cities of the Indus Valley Civilization date back to around 3300 BC • Some of the largest cities of the ancient world • Over 1,052 cities and settlements have been found • Major urban centers of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro

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  35. India • The Ganges River: • River of northern India and Bangladesh • Long history of reverence and is worshipped by Hindus as a goddess. It is often called the 'holy Ganga‘ • Length of the river is about 1,557 miles

  36. India • The Ganges River: • Forms a large and fertile basin stretching across north India and Bangladesh • Supports one of the highest densities of human population in the world, about one in every 12 people on earth

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  40. India • The Northern Plains: • large floodplains of the Indus and the Ganges river systems • Run parallel to the Himalaya mountains • Area of 270,000 square miles and vary in width through their length by a 100 – 150 miles • World's largest area formed by silt deposited by numerous rivers

  41. India • The Northern Plains: • Plains are flat and mostly treeless rich in ground water sources • One of the world's most heavily farmed areas • Rank among the world's most densely populated areas

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  46. India • The Bay of Bengal: • Forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean • Resembles a triangle in shape • Connected India to trade routes to the east

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  50. India • The Arabian Sea: • region of the Indian Ocean • Ocean trade routes linked the Near East with East Africa, India, Southeast Asia, and China