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India PowerPoint Presentation

India

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India

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Presentation Transcript

  1. India

  2. Indo-Europeans

  3. A group of nomadic people who came from the steppes. They came from the Caucasus. They herded sheep, cattle, and goats. Tamed horses, and rode into battle in light, two wheeled chariots.

  4. Steppes

  5. Dry, grasslands that stretched to the north of the Caucasus.

  6. Migration

  7. The movements of people from one region to another.

  8. Hittites

  9. An Indo-European people who settled in Anatolia.

  10. Anatolia

  11. The southwest Asian peninsula, now occupied by the Asian part of Turkey, and it is also called Asia Minor.

  12. Aryans

  13. An Indo-European people who began to migrate into the Indian subcontinent.

  14. Vedas

  15. The four collections of sacred writings produced by the Aryans during a early stage of their settlement in India.

  16. Brahmins

  17. An Aryan society, members of the social class made up of priest.

  18. Castes

  19. One of the four classes of people in the social system of the Aryans – priest, warriors, peasants or traders, and non – Aryan laborers or craftsmen.

  20. Mahabharata

  21. A great Indian epic poem, reflecting the struggles of the Aryans as they moved south into India.

  22. Rencarnation

  23. In Hinduism and Buddhism, the process by which a soul is reborn continuously until it achieves perfect understanding.

  24. Karma

  25. In Hinduism and Buddhism, the totality of the good and bad deeds performed by a person, which is believed to determine his or her fate after rebirth.

  26. Jainism

  27. A religion founded in India in the Sixty century. Whose members believe that everything in the universe has a soul and therefore should not be harmed.

  28. Siddhartha Gautama

  29. He was born into a noble family that lived in Nepal. The baby showed the marks of a great man. If he stayed home, he would be a world ruler. If he was to leave, he would become a universal spiritual world ruler. His father had separated him from the rest of the world. He had gotten married and had a son.

  30. Enlightenment

  31. In Buddhism, a state of perfect wisdom in which one understands the basic truths of the universe.

  32. Nirvana

  33. In Buddhism, the release from pain and suffering achieves after enlightenment.

  34. Mauryan Empire

  35. The first empire in India, founded by Chandragupta Maurya.

  36. Asoka

  37. He is Chandragupta’s grandson. He had brought the Mauryan Empire to its greatest heights.

  38. Religious Toleration

  39. A recognition of people’s rights to hold different religious beliefs.

  40. Tamil

  41. A language of southern India; it is also the people that speak it.

  42. Gupta Empire

  43. The second empire of India, founded by Chandra Gupta I.

  44. Patriarchal

  45. Relating to a social system in which the father is head of the family.

  46. Matriarchal

  47. Relating to a social system in which the mother is the head of the family.

  48. Mahayana

  49. Buddhism, it offers salvation to all and allows popular worship.

  50. Theravada