Warm-Up 12/16/13 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

warm up 12 16 13 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Warm-Up 12/16/13 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Warm-Up 12/16/13

play fullscreen
1 / 69
Warm-Up 12/16/13
123 Views
Download Presentation
schuyler
Download Presentation

Warm-Up 12/16/13

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Warm-Up 12/16/13 • Teach the Teacher: Tell me about a time you felt out of place. • Review: Which group has full outer orbitals?

  2. Groups of elements and why they bond.

  3. Flash Card • On the front write: • Luster • On the back write: • Shininess

  4. Flash Card • On the front write: • Malleable • On the back write: • Ability to be hammered and re-shaped

  5. Metals: major part of the group • Most elements are metals. • 88 elements found to the LEFT of the Zigzag Line

  6. Physical Properties Of Metals • Luster (shininess) • Good conductors of heat and electricity • High density (heavy for their size) • High melting point • Ductile (drawn out into thin wires) • Malleable (hammered into thin sheets)

  7. Chemical Properties of Metals • Easily lose electrons (become positive ions CATIONS) • Corrode easily • React easily with other elements

  8. ALKALI METALS – GROUP 1, 1A & IA • Soft metals – they can be cut with a knife • Most reactive of all the metals - React rapidly with oxygen and water • Do not occur in nature in their elemental form • Stored under oil • Will form a +1 ion by giving away their one valence electron

  9. Alkaline Earth Metals Group 2 2A & IIA • Do not occur in nature in their elemental form • Will form a +2 ion by giving away their two valence electrons • Uses • Fireworks • Ca – Bones & Teeth • Ba - X-Rays

  10. Transition Elements Group 3-12 • These elements are most familiar to the public because they are found in nature in their elemental form • Often form colored compounds • Chromium precious gems (emeralds and rubies) • Cadmium yellow • Cobalt blue

  11. INNER Transition Metals: Lanthanides and Actinides • Lanthanides • Elements 58 – 71 • Elements used in motion pictures industry • Produce colors you see on the TV

  12. Actinides • Elements 90 – 103 • All actinides are radioactive and unstable • Thorium and Uranium are found in the earth’s crust • Uranium – nuclear reactors

  13. NONMETALS • Found to the RIGHT of the zigzag line • Hydrogen is considered a nonmetal • Group 18 – Noble Gasses are the only group that consists of all nonmetals • Group 17 - Halogens

  14. Non-metals cont. • Properties • Nonmetals gain electrons to become stable – anions • Most are gasses at room temp • Not malleable • Not ductile • Poor conductors of heat and electricity • No Luster – Dull • Important nonmetals in Humans • Carbon Hydrogen Nitrogen & Oxygen

  15. Metalloids & Synthetic Elements • Metalloids conduct electricity better than nonmetals, but not as well as metals. • Synthetic elements do not occur naturally (they are man-made) • All elements with an atomic number higher than uranium (92) were made by scientists and most are radioactive.

  16. Warm-up 12/17/13 • Teach the Teacher: What are some magazines you like to read/check out? • Review: What kind of ion is positive?

  17. Flash Cards • On the Front Write : • Subscript • On the Back Write: • Number below letters (submarine) tell you the number of atoms in a compound

  18. Flash Card • On one side: • Superscript • On the other side: • Numbers written above the letters (superman) • Na2+

  19. Mapping the PT • Outline with a different colored marker for each one: Alkali metals-group 1 Alkali earth metals-group 2 Transition metals – group 3-12 Noble Gases- group 18 Lanthanides- labeled Actinides – labeled

  20. Element Bonding Puzzle Card • 1. Besides shape and color, what else do all the white pieces have in common? • 2. Besides shape and color, what do all the yellow pieces have in common? • 3. Build 2 rectangles using these rules: • must use both white and yellow pieces • No more then two different elements • Write down the name of what you build • 4.What is the total charge of each rectangle (combine both charges)

  21. Electron Dot Diagrams of Selected Elements • Electron Dot uses the symbol of the element and dots to illustrate the number of electrons in the outermost energy level • Elements of the same group (column) have the same number of valence electrons

  22. The Story of Bending the Rules • Normal atom= • # Protons= # electrons • Then it’s a neutral atom • *Remember that all atoms want to have orbital shells be full • Full shells= • 1storbital: 2 electrons • 2nd orbital: 8 electrons

  23. Trying to Get Full • Example: Sodium (Na) has 11 electrons • (Draw lewis dot diagram here) • Wants to get rid of 1 valence electron to be full • Chlorine has 7 valence electrons • (Draw lewis dot diagram here)

  24. Not Your Normal Atom • Na now has 10 electrons • So does Ne, but Ne has 10 protons and Na still has 11 protons • But not normal Na atom • Now Na is Na+ • An ion • Now orbitals are full and atom is electrically charged • AND ATTRACTIVE to other elements like Cl

  25. Ions • atom or molecule with missing or extra electrons • Ions are charged particles (positive or negative) • charge = #protons - #electrons • charge given as a trailing superscript • positive ions are cationsX+ • negative ions are anionsX–

  26. Metals= + cations • Non metals= - anions

  27. Warm-up 12/18/13 • Teach the teacher questions: If you could start a band what kind of band would you start, what would you call it, and what part would have in it (play guitar, sing, ect.). • Review: What are some characteristics of metals?

  28. Warm-up 12/19/13 • Teach the Sub: What are some holiday traditions you have during the holidays. • Review: The 2 in H2O is that a subscript or a superscript?

  29. Warm-up 12/20/13 • Teach the Teacher: Take a vote, would you rather be an elf or a reindeer? Why? • Review: Describe the Bohr Model.

  30. Warm-up 1/2/14 • Teach the Teacher: What was the best part about the break? • Review: Tell me as many things as you can about me (ms. Uhre)

  31. Flash Card • On one side: • Ionic Bond • On the other side: • A bond formed by attraction of a cation (+) and an anion (-)

  32. Chem Idol round 4 • Alkaline Earth Metals by Dan Daly • Alkali Metals Parody by Zach and Company • The Bonding Song By Shigotawang

  33. Dice It: • Anything in this room

  34. Dice It • Element symbols that are non-metals

  35. Dice It • The # number/mass of protons and neutrons

  36. Dice It: • Element names that have 2,4,or 6 valence electrons

  37. Dice It: • Elements that are anions

  38. Dice It: • Elements that are cations

  39. Dice It • Elements that have a ionic charge of +1, -1, 0

  40. Dice It: • Elements that take in electrons

  41. Warm-up 1/3/14 • Teach the Teacher: What is the best New Year’s resolution you have/have heard of? • Review: An isotope is an atom with a different number of what? (Pull out PT and check this….)

  42. Chemical Bonds Bonding isn’t just for people.

  43. Why do atoms form compounds? • TO BECOME STABLE!! • What does stable mean to an atom? • Full set of valence electrons • Atoms want to have the electron configuration of a noble gas • Atoms will gain, lose or share electrons in order to obtain a full set of valence electrons

  44. Combining Elements • The chemical & physical properties of the elements are different than the properties of the compound they make up • Na + Cl2→ NaCl • Reaction of Sodium with Chlorine & Hydrogen with Oxygen

  45. Types of Bonds • Ionic Bonds • Contain a metal & a nonmetal (at least 1 of each) • Electrons are gained or lost • Ex. Salt, NaCl • Covalent Bonds • Contain 2 or more nonmetals or hydrogen • Electrons are shared • Ex. Water, H2O

  46. Ionic Bonding • In an ionic bond, one atoms gives electrons to another atom. • When atoms combine this way, it is called a formula unit. • Ex. NaCl is a formula unit • The charge of a formula unit is always 0. • The positive and negative charges must always balance each other.

  47. Warm-up 12/13/12 • Teach the Teacher: What is the best school lunch? • Review: Finish this sentence: All ________ are cations.