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The Persian Wars

The Persian Wars

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The Persian Wars

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  1. The Persian Wars

  2. Do Now: Canada Map Quiz • Obj: • Origins of Persian War • Battle of Thermopylae • Consequences of Persian Wars • HW: • Active Read 5.3 Critical Thinking # 7 & 8

  3. Canada Quiz!!!

  4. A New Kind of Army Emerges • Iron vs. Bronze • Intro of lighter/cheaper iron in weapons production allowed common man to fight in military • Phalanx – Battle formation that allowed Greeks to stand side by side protected by another mans shield and spear • Most powerful fighting force of the ancient world

  5. The Persian Wars Begin • Battle of Marathon • Athens sends aid to Greeks rebelling against Persians in Western Anatolia • Persian King Darius the Great vowed to destroy Athens as revenge • 490 B.C.E. 25,000 Persians sail to Marathon to fight 10,000 Athenians • Persians no match for Greek phalanx; sent back to sea

  6. What’s A Marathon??? • After battle Pheidippides sent to bring news back to Athens of Victory • “Rejoice and Conquer” • Pheid. Ran the 26 miles from Marathon to Athens; delivered his message and died! • That’s why today a “marathon” is 26 miles…

  7. Battle of Thermopylae • 480 B.C.E. Darius’ successor Xerxes assembled an army to crush Athens • Greek city-states very divided: • Some wished to allow Xerxes to crush Athens, some fought for the Persians and some vowed to fight against • Xerxes marches army down the Greek coast unchallenged until narrow mountain pass of Thermopylae….

  8. Battle of Thermopylae cont… • 7,000 Greeks including 300 Spartans fought Xerxes armies for 3 days • Traitor shows Xerxes path to surround the Greeks • Greeks retreat but Spartans stay to fight! • Their sacrifice gives all other Greeks strength and motivation to defeat the Persians

  9. The Delian League • The Delian League • 478 B.C.E. several Greek city-states ally to fight against the Persians and protect Greece • Greeks drive Persians out of Greece and limit threat of future attack

  10. Consequences of Persian Wars • Athens’ Golden Age: • Athens takes control over the Delian League moving its headquarters to Athens • Now 200 city-states most become absorbed in Athenian Empire • Prestige from Persian victory and wealth from Athenian Empire – set the stage for Athens’ brief “Golden Age”