The Persian Wars March 20, 2012
The Persian Wars499 – 449 BC • Fought between the Persians and the Greeks • Persians decided to go on the offensive after the Ionian Revolt • They sailed across the Aegean Sea to fight the Greeks • Major Battles • Marathon • Thermopylae • Salamis • Recorded in the writings of the Greek historian Herodotus.
Persians vs. Greeks The Persians The Greeks Armies from different city-states; eg. Sparta, Athens Had no central leadership Armed with a long spear and sword Carried concave shields made of metal Wore metal armour: Breastplate, helmet and greaves Fought in the Phalanx formation Had few archers, no cavalry • Large and diverse group of men from all over Persia • Led by a powerful General • Armed with a short spear and sword • Carried long rectangular wicker shields • Wore leather armour • Fought in the ‘Sparabara’ formation • Also had archers and lightly armed cavalry
Assignment Answer the following three questions on looseleaf: • Which side would you rather be fighting on? Why? • Who do you think will emerge victorious from the Persian Wars? • List and explain three reasons for your choice to question #2. • What factors not listed above might also influence the outcome of the wars?