Venezuela By: Diego Alejandro Manzano…. And colton
Branches of Government • Executive branch: President Hugo Chavez Frias (since February 3, 1999) Chief of state and head of government are held by the president elected by popular vote for a six-year term with a two consecutive term limit. The Council of Ministers is appointed by the president. On December 3rd, 2006, Hugo Chavez was reelected president with 62.9% of the vote against Manuel Rosales with 36.9%, (Next election December, 2012) • Legislative Branch: Unicameral National Assembly or AsambleaNacional (167 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; three seats reserved for the indigenous peoples of Venezuela). Pro-government parties control all 167 seats of the Assembly (MVR 114, PODEMOS 15, PPT 11, indigenous 2, other 25) due to the opposition boycott of the 2005 legislative elections. • Judicial Branch: Supreme Tribunal of Justice or Tribunal Suprema de Justicia. Magistrates are elected by the National assembly for a single 12-year term. • Electoral Branch: National Electoral Council or Consejo Electoral Nacional (CNE) administers all elections, including those held within civil society. Its five principal members are elected by the National Assembly for a seven-year term. The current president of the CNE is TibisayLucena. • Citizen Branch: This branch ensures that citizens and government officials follow the countries laws. It consists of the Attorney General (or Prosecutor General), the Comptroller General, and the Defender of the People (Human Rights Ombudsperson).
Stucture Of The Government/Type Of Governing Body • Federal republic, with five branches of government: executive, legislative, judiciary, electoral, and citizen.
Process Of Elections • It is setup by a computer, and the people get to vote.
Major Issues Facing The Country • This year the president of Venezuela died • Poverty rate: 33.9% of households, as of June.
Economy • Their Economy used to be good, because of their coffee and cocoa they use to make and sell, but now they make less than 1% of the worlds coffee.
Economic Respect For Rights • From there the economic war of 2013 began, which, taking advantage of the painful circumstances of the first quarter [when President Hugo Chavez passed away], managed to upset the economy. Inflation in January reached 3.3%, in February 2.6%, in March 2.8%, in April 4.3%, and in May 6.1%. However already in June inflation dropped to 4.7%, and we know that in the month of July it’s going to continue falling [inflation for July was 3.2%]. The same is happening with Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which has experienced growth for ten consecutive quarters. In the first quarter of this year GDP growth was 0.7%, and this is also going to continue increasing.
Rule of Law • The Enabling Law must meet a number of requirements prior to its enactment by the Head of State and its subsequently entrance into law:
Fairness Of The Law and Its Executions • The reduction of the time required to approve laws. • The simplification of administrative procedures. • The streamlining of all necessary steps to respond to an emergency. • The ability to create extra administrative processes. • The timely and effective response to those affected in priority areas, including housing, infrastructure, agriculture, nutrition, the economy, and others. • This is what benefits from the law.