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English Language Learners: demographics. There are over five million ELLs in the United States. This number has risen by 57% over the past ten years. Six in ten qualify for free and reduced lunch.

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English Language Learners: demographics

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english language learners demographics
English Language Learners: demographics
  • There are over five million ELLs in the United States.
  • This number has risen by 57% over the past ten years.
  • Six in ten qualify for free and reduced lunch.
  • Eighth-grade ELLs’ scores on reading and mathematics tests are less than half of those of their English speaking peers.
  • Students from households which speak a language other than English at home lag twenty points behind in high school graduation rates.
  • Educating English Language Learners: Building Teacher Capacity, Roundtable Report, National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition, 2008.
ells are a very diverse subgroup
ELLs are a very diverse subgroup
  • Immigrants with parallel schooling
  • Newcomers
  • Student with Interrupted Formal Education
  • Long-term ELLs
  • Special Education ELLs
  • Former ELLs
what ells know and can do
What ELLs know and can do
  • Literacy in native language
  • Competencies in subject matter
  • Level of English language proficiency
  • Emergent bilinguals
  • Cross cultural competencies
rigorous curriculum and instruction
Rigorous curriculum and instruction
  • Rigorous and aligned to local, state and national standards
  • Native language support and development
  • ESL through content
  • Academic language focus
  • Literacy development
  • Vocabulary development
  • Accessible to all through scaffolding
  • Quality interactions
  • Technology integration

Assessment and accountability

  • Diagnostic
    • English proficiency
    • Literacy in the native language
    • Content knowledge- mathematics, science and social sciences
  • Periodic
    • English language arts
    • Subject matter
    • English language development
    • Native language arts
  • Formative in multiple modalities
  • Summative
  • Accommodations
  • Accountability measures, rewards and consequences

Teacher quality and professional development

  • All secondary educators
    • Second language acquisition
    • Second language academic literacy instruction
    • Cross-cultural context and connection
    • Content-based instruction while developing academic language
    • Vocabulary development
    • Purposeful scaffolding for access and language production
    • Selection and use of appropriate materials
  • Literacy specialists
  • ESL Teachers

Student and family supports

  • Transition into a new schooling culture
  • Transition into a new culture
  • Environments that are safe, supportive and connected to the broader school community
  • Mindful of the contributions that students and families from diverse cultures and experiences make to the school
  • Libraries in native languages in the school
  • Language use and celebrations
  • ESL for families
  • College and career guidance
stakeholder engagement
Stakeholder engagement
  • Community based organizations
  • Feeder schools
  • Universities and community colleges
  • Adult education centers
  • Welcome centers

Leadership and governance

  • Research informed policy
  • Professional development for school leaders
  • School leadership teams
    • ELL Literacy Institute
    • Secondary academic literacy development-QTEL
  • Language allocation policy
  • Focus on strengthening the instructional core

Organization and structure

  • Flexible scheduling and grouping during the day
    • Purposeful homogeneous and/or heterogeneous grouping
    • Thematic or integrated learning
    • Block scheduling
  • Extended-day hours and Saturday academies
  • Individualized graduation plans
  • Newcomer or SIFE programs or academies
  • Small class size
  • Break the silos
    • Collaborative teaching
    • Collegial planning - ESL specialist with content teacher
resources for sustainability
Resources for sustainability
  • Resources targeted to improvement areas such as production of academic language (oral and/or written)
  • Strong guidance
  • Academic interventions - technology enriched
  • Dedicated fiscal resources for staffing and extended day
  • Dedicated resources and time for collaborations between subject area teachers and ELL specialists
for more information
  • Maria Santos
  • 212.374.6072