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CULTURAL DIVERSITY See also “Humor-Anthropology”. by Don L. F. Nilsen. THE COLOR PURPLE MODEL .

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the color purple model
THE COLOR PURPLE MODEL
  • G. L. Robinson’s “Color Purple” model is based on a very powerful metaphor. The model uses color symbolism to state that there are three lenses a language learner can use in viewing a new culture.
  • It can be viewed through the eyes of the native culture (the blue lens), or through the eyes of the target culture (the red lens), or through bilingual eyes that compare, contrast, and blend the two cultures (the purple lens).

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Only the purple lens (which is based on both the red and the blue lens) provides the complete picture, and only the purple lens is a dynamic and variable model that can accommodate differences of gender, ethnicity, immigration, and multiculturalism.

(Robinson 117)

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some historical considerations
SOME HISTORICAL CONSIDERATIONS
  • Discuss the history of religion in America.
  • Discuss American imigration and porous borders to the North and to the South.
  • Discuss color symbolism as it relates to ethnicity and gender. What is the significance of black, white, purple, blue, blonde, yellow, red, etc.

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affirmative action
AFFIRMATIVE ACTION
  • For each of the following marginalized groups, discuss the development of rights, and discuss the affect of affirmative action on the development of these rights.
    • Women
    • Gays
    • Blacks
    • Hispanics
    • Native Americans
    • Asians

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positive and negative face
POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE FACE
  • Positive face is for social bonding. Negative face is for autonomy and power. Explain how face is used differently by the following groups:
  • Women
  • Gays
  • Blacks
  • Hispanics
  • Native Americans
  • Asians

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english only vs cultural diversity
ENGLISH ONLY VS. CULTURAL DIVERSITY
  • What are the advantages of the English-only movement?
  • What are the advantages of cultural diversity?
  • Is there a middle ground?

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contrast chinese and english
CONTRAST CHINESE AND ENGLISH
  • Contrast Chinese “I” and English “I”
  • “Chinese can’t hear Americans at all; the language is too soft and western music unhearable. I’ve watched a Chinese audience laugh, visit, talk-story, and holler during a piano recital” (Clark, 17)

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bilingual issues
BILINGUAL ISSUES
  • Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of your native language or dialect in terms of mountains and trails, and streams.
  • Should America be considered a “melting pot,” or an salad in terms of bilingualism?

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shakespeare in the bush
!SHAKESPEARE IN THE BUSH
  • “Sometime,” concluded the old man, gathering his ragged toga about him, “you must tell us some more stories of your country. We, who are elders, will instruct you in their true meaning, so that when you return to your own land your elders will see that you have not been sitting in the bush, but among those who know things and who have taught you wisdom.”

(Clark, 35)

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basil bernstein
!!BASIL BERNSTEIN
  • Basil Bernstein distinguished between a “restricted code” and an elaborated code.” Explain.

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benjamin whorf henry louis gates
!!!BENJAMIN WHORF & HENRY LOUIS GATES
  • CONTRAST: “Linguistic Determinism,” or Linguistic Relativity.”
  • Discuss Henry Louis Gates’ The Signifying Monkey.
  • What is “signifying,” and how does it advantage marginalized groups?
  • What is “Prototype Theory?” What is “marking” and how does it advantage eccentric characters in sit coms, etc.?

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Web Sites:

Margaret Cho Talks about Race:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kc6mLwOa2Ig

History of Religion:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x-sIF78QYCI

George Lopez Talks about Fast Food:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v56vwp3r-hE

Carlos Mencia:

http://www.comedycentral.com/shows/mind_of_mencia/index.jhtml

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Stuff White People Like:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-3FZhobYTXI%feature-related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vk0C_U6RqEY&feature=related

Yiddish with Dick and Jane:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NlO5vUS5KnU

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related powerpoint
RELATED PowerPoint

Humor in Anthropology/Ethnic Humor

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References:

Boskin, Joseph, and Joseph Dorinson. “Ethnic Humor: Subversion and Survival.” American Quarterly 37.1 (1985): 81-97.

Caldas, Stephen and Suzanne Caron-Caldas’ “Rearing Bilingual Children in a Monolingual Culture: A Louisiana Experience” (Clark [1998]: 514-525).

Clark, Virginia, Paul Eschholz, and Alfred Rosa. Language: Readings in Language and Culture, 6th Edition. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.

Bohannan, Laura. “Shakespeare in the Bush” (Clark [1998]: 27-40) .

Cunha, Edite. “Talking in the New Land” (Clark [1998]: 3-12).

Davies, Christie. The Mirth of Nations. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2002.

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Eschholz, Paul, Alfred Rosa, and Virginia Clark. Language Awareness: Readings for College Writers, 10th Edition. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2009.

Eschholz, Paul, Alfred Rosa, and Virginia Clark. Language Awareness: Readings for College Writers, 10th Edition. New York, NY: Bedford/St. Martins, 2009.

Doloff, Steven. “Racism and the Risks of Ethnic Humor” (Eschholz [2005]: 273-275).

Erdem, Ebru. “Culture Learning and Teaching in the ESL College Writing Classroom: A Model for Second Culture Acquisition.” Portfolio Paper. Tempe, AZ: ASU, April 10, 2006.

Eschholz, Paul, Alfred Rosa, and Virginia Clark. “Prejudice, Discrimination, and Stereotypes.” Language Awareness: Readings for College Writers, Ninth Edition. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2005, 215-290.

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Farnlof, Allie. “English Language Graffiti and Verbal Humor in Modern Day Romanian and Moldovan Society.” Tempe, AZ: LIN 515 Paper, April 11, 2006.

Hadjistassou, Stella. “Cultural Diversity.” Tempe, AZ: PowerPoint Presentation, April 7, 2006.

Hale, Constance. “How Do You Say Computer in Hawaiian?” (Clark [1998]: 503-513).

Jones, Rachel. “Not White, Just Right” (Clark [1998]: 489-491).

Kingston, Maxine Hong. “Finding a Voice” (Clark [1998]: 13-18).

Leveen, Lois. “Only When I Laugh: Textual Dynamics of Ethnic Humor.” MELUS 21.4 (1996): 29-55.

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slide19
Lord, Nancy “Native Tongues” (Clark [1998]: 19-26).

Lowe, John. “Theories of Ethnic Humor: How to Enter Laughing.” American Quarterly 38.3 (1986): 439-460.

Mey, Jacob L. Pragmatics: Second Edition. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2001.

Nilsen, Alleen Pace, and Don L. F. Nilsen. Encyclopedia of 20th Century American Humor. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2000.

Popa, Diana-Elena. “Jokes in Translation.” Perspectives: Studies in Translatology 13 (2005): 48-57.

Raskin, Victor. The Primer of Humor Research. New York, NY: Mouton de Gruyter, 2008.

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slide20
Robinson, G. L. “Second Culture Acquisition.” in Linguistics and Language Pedagogy: The State of the Art. Ed. James E. Alatis. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1991, 114-122.

Rodriguez, Richard. “Bilingual Education: Outdated and Unrealistic” (Clark [1998]: 479-482).

Schiffrin, Deborah. Approaches to Discourse. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1994.

Whittemore, Katharine. “Saving California Languages” (Clark [1998]: 492-502).

Ziv, Avner, ed. National Styles of Humor. New York, NY Greenwood Press, 1988.

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