India India is one of the largest countries in the world. Can you find it on this map?
India Here it is!!!
Chembakolli Life In a Village This is a map of India. Chembakolli is a village in the south.
Chembakolli Chembakolli is a small village in the south of India.It is in a hilly forest area of Tamil Nadu State.
Chembakolli Most of the villagers are farmers. They grow rice, onions, tomatoes, peppers and oranges. Generally these crops are grown to feed the families in the village rather than to sell.
Chembakolli It is hard work living in Chembakolli! The women have to fetch water, grind rice, cook, clean and work in the fields. Wood has to be collected everyday for the cooking fire. The women and older children often have to look after the younger children and babies at the same time!
Chembakolli The villagers have to fetch their water from a well. It is a long walk, and the water is very heavy to carry! One woman will generally carry 10 litres of water at a time.
Tehri (Aug 2003) A STORY OF A DAM Tehri (Nov 2004)
Near Gangotri (Aug 2005) • Save Himalaya Movement (1992-) • not only for the protest against the dam construction • but for protecting the environment of the Himalayan region
WHAT HAPPENS TO THE PEOPLE WHO LIVE IN SUCH PLACES?
THEIR HOMES? THEIR LIVELIHOOD? HEALTH CARE? THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN? THEIR SOCIAL LIFE? THEIR SELF RESPECT?
Gandhians as • Disciples of M. K. Gandhi (1869-1948) • Vinoba Bhave (1895-1982) Bhoodan Movement • J. P. Narayan (1902-79) Total Revolution • Gandhians in Various Social Movements • Rural Reconstruction Movements • Anti-Untouchability Movements • Movements for Communal Harmony • Anti-Liquor Movements • Women’s Movements • Environmental Movements
ENVIRONMENTAL Activities by Gandhians in India Today • Baba Amte (1914-) At Maharashtra, in central India (Feb 2003)
2. Environmental Activities by Gandhians • Narayan Desai (1924-) At Gujarat, in western India (Jan 2004)
Environmental Activities by Gandhians in India Today • S. Jagannathan (1914-) • Krishnamal Jagannathan (1926-) At Tamil Nadu, in southern India (Aug 2006)
Environmental Activities by Gandhians in India Today Sunderlal Bahuguna Vimla Bahuguna Baba Amte Narayan Desai S. Jagannathan Krishnamal Jagannathan
3. Bahuguna and Environmental Movements in the Himalayas • Sunderlal Bahuguna (1927-) • 1940s Indian Freedom Movement • 1950s Anti Untouchability Movement • 1960s Anti Liquor Movement Bahuguna and students (Feb 2003) Bahuguna in his prayer (Dec 2004)
Bahuguna and Environmental Movements • Vimla Bahuguna (1932-) • 1950s Bhoodan Movement • 1956 Marriage, Establishment of Ashram At Tehri (Mar 2003) Near Silyara Ashram (Aug 2006)
Bahuguna and Environmental Movements • Chipko Movement (1973-1981) Sketches by Arvind Mohan Negi (from Bharat Dogra’s books)
Bahuguna and Environmental Movements • Slogans of Chipko Movement • Before 1978 “What do the forests bear? Resin, timber and business.” • After 1978 “What do the forests bear? Soil, water and pure air.” Foot March and Meeting Photos by Dhoom Singh Negi
Bahuguna and Environmental Movements • Anti Tehri Dam Movement (1978-) • S. Bahuguna became the leader after 1989 • Demonstration Meetings, • Sit-ins, • Petitioning • Legal Battles, • Foot Marches, • Fasts • S. Bahuguna’s Fasts and Movement • 45 days in 1992 • 49 days in 1995 • 74 days in 1996