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Ch. 3 India & China Section Two : New Empires in India PowerPoint Presentation
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Ch. 3 India & China Section Two : New Empires in India

Ch. 3 India & China Section Two : New Empires in India

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Ch. 3 India & China Section Two : New Empires in India

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  1. Ch. 3 India & ChinaSection Two: New Empires in India

  2. I. The Mauryan Dynasty • 400 B.C. Persia threatened the Dynasty • Alexander the Great invaded in 327 B.C.

  3. A. The Founding of the Mauryan Dynasty • Chandragupta Maurya 324 to 301 B.C. • Highly centralized & impartial power • Provinces, ruled by governors

  4. B. The Reign of Asoka • Asoka, grandson of Chandragupta Maurya • *Asoka is considered the greatest ruler in the history of India • Converted to Buddhism

  5. II. The Kushan Kingdom & the Silk Road • 100 B.C. founded by nomadic warriors, in Afghanistan • Prospered on trade • Silk Road – a route between the Roman Empire & China, so called because silk was China’s most valuable product (p. 83)

  6. The Kushan Kingdom & the Silk Road • Stretched from the city of Changan in China to Antioch a port city in Syria on the Mediterranean Sea

  7. III. The Kingdom of the Guptas • Chandragupta & son Samudragupta • Dominate political force in northern India

  8. The Kingdom of the Guptas • Faxian, a Chinese Buddhist monk spent years in northern India • The Gupta Empire actively engaged in trade with China, Southeast Asia & the Mediterranean • Mines of gold, silver

  9. Caves Prince Gautama

  10. The Kingdom of the Guptas • Profited from religious trade • Pilgrim – a person who travels to a shrine or other holy place (p.85) • Invaded by the Huns in 5th century A.D.

  11. IV. The World of Indian Culture • Literature, architecture and Science

  12. A. Literature: A Lasting Legacy • Vedas, earliest known Indian literature • Epic poems: Mahabharata & Ramayana • Recount deeds of great warriors

  13. Literature: A Lasting Legacy • Most famous poem, Bhagavad Gita • The Ramayana was an account of the fictional ruler Rama • Kalidasa most famous Indian author • The Cloud Messenger

  14. B. Architecture • The pillar, marked sites pertinent to the Buddha’s life • The stupa, burial mounds & held relics • The rock chamber, carved out of mountainsides

  15. stupa http://www.sudarshanaloka.org/images/stupa2.JPG

  16. http://images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/sharemed/targets/images/pho/000aa/000aab23.jpghttp://images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/sharemed/targets/images/pho/000aa/000aab23.jpg

  17. C. Science • Astronomy • Aryabhata, the most famous mathematician • *Created Algebra • Devised a decimal system of counting in tens • Introduced the concept of zero