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UNIT 13 Part 2: Totalitarian Aggression and U.S. Policy. Japan and Asia. Japanese lack natural resources… 1931: Create an “incident” in Manchuria Take military action and set up the puppet state of Manchukuo 1937: Japan attacks China

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slide1
UNIT 13

Part 2: Totalitarian Aggression and U.S. Policy

japan and asia
Japan and Asia
  • Japanese lack natural resources…
  • 1931: Create an “incident” in Manchuria
  • Take military action and set up the puppet state of Manchukuo
  • 1937: Japan attacks China
    • Japanese brutalities v. Chinese…the “Rape of Nanking”
headed towards wwii
Headed towards WWII
  • Hitler suspended reparation payments
  • 1935 Germany begins to rearm
  • 1936 German troops move into the Rhineland
  • 1936 Rome-Berlin Axis
  • 1936 Spanish Civil War- Germany and Italy support Spanish right under General Franco
  • “rehearsal for war”

General Francisco Franco

slide4

Headed towards WWII

  • 1938 “Anschluss”- union of Germany and Austria
  • 1938 Hitler demanded the Sudetenland
  • 1938 Munich Conference- “APPEASEMENT”

Chamberlain and Hitler

slide6

Chamberlain

Mussolini

Hitler

slide7

German Troops in the Sudetenland

Signs reads “One People, One Reich, One Fuhrer”

headed towards wwii1
Headed towards WWII
  • March 1939 German troops invade Czechoslovakia…
  • August 1939 Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
  • September 1939: “blitzkreig”

Poland attacked by Germany and Russia- war begins in Europe

  • Russia also takes the Baltic states and attacks Finland
slide10
WWII
  • Starts with Nazi invasion of Poland Sept. 1939
  • The “Phony War”
  • Nazis overrun Norway, Denmark
  • The Fall of France (1940)
battle of britain
Battle of Britain
  • Gr. Britain ONLY democracy remaining in Europe not under Nazi control
  • “Operation Sea Lion”
  • The battle in the skies (RAF v. Luftwaffe)
  • Hitler gives up…turns to the East…USSR!
u s foreign policy
U.S. foreign policy
  • An isolationist mood in America:
    • Senate’s rejection of the League of Nations
    • Our own problems: Great Depression
u s isolationism con t
U.S. Isolationism (con’t.)
  • Nye Committee (1935):
      • U.S. banks and munitions makers made HUGE profits during WWI…they pushed us into the war…called “merchants of death”
isolationism con t
Isolationism (con’t.)

Neutrality Acts (1935-37)

Congress passed series of laws to keep us out of future conflicts

Terms:

  • embargo on the shipment of all munitions, arms and implements of war to belligerents
  • all indirect war materials (steel, cotton, food, etc.) must be handled on a “cash and carry” basis – they must be taken from the United States on the ships of a belligerent and paid for in cash
u s isolationism con t1
U.S. Isolationism (con’t.)

FDR’s “Quarantine Speech” (1937)

FDR compared aggression around the world to a disease…

Said the world’s democracies should quarantine (isolate) aggressive nations as we would a diseased patient

gr britain needs more
Gr. Britain needs more!
  • American neutrality in the 1930s
  • By 1941, Europe under Nazi control…situation desperate
  • Congress passes Lend-Lease Act
lend lease act
Lend-Lease Act
  • FDR authority to sell, lend, exchange or transfer weapons and other materials to help defend nations vital to U.S. security
  • Example:
    • FDR traded 50 American destroyers to Gr. Britain for naval bases in the Caribbean