Unit 5: Post WWII - Liberalism and Conservatism - Domestic Policy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Unit 5: Post WWII - Liberalism and Conservatism - Domestic Policy
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Unit 5: Post WWII - Liberalism and Conservatism - Domestic Policy

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  1. Unit 5: Post WWII - Liberalism and Conservatism - Domestic Policy

    Learning Targets 1 - 22
  2. 1. I can describe how Levittown transformed suburbia. Levittown name of four large suburban developments created by William Levitt built post-WWII for returning veterans and their new families alternatives to cramped central city locations and apartments guaranteed by the Veterans Administration and the Federal Housing Association (FHA) modeled in an assembly line manner thousands of identical homes were produced standard white picket fence, green lawn, and modern era kitchen with appliances sales began in March 1947 1,400 homes had been bought within the first three hours
  3. 1. I can describe how Levittown transformed suburbia. Levittown conformity businessmen, housewives, martini lunches, PTA, Little League, consumerism furniture, appliances, automobiles, televisions, mass transit systems trains, buses, highways,
  4. 2. I can explain the effect of planned obsolescence on consumerism. planned obsolescence the designing of products to wear out or become outdated quickly term for products designed to break easily or to quickly go out of style people feel need to replace their possessions frequently
  5. 2. I can explain the effect of planned obsolescence on consumerism. planned obsolescence effects: generate jobs in the economy facilitates rapid overuse/abuse of natural resources frustration of product break-downs creation of product-warranty system
  6. 3. I can compare and contrast the life of women in the 1950’s to prior decades.
  7. 3. I can compare and contrast the life of women in the 1950’s to prior decades.
  8. 4. I can identify key people during the Civil Rights Movement.
  9. 4. I can identify key people during the Civil Rights Movement. Rosa Parks Montgomery Bus Boycott
  10. 4. I can identify key people during the Civil Rights Movement. Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
  11. 4. I can identify key people during the Civil Rights Movement. Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. “I Have A Dream” - 1963
  12. 4. I can identify key people during the Civil Rights Movement. Malcolm X Nation of Islam
  13. 5. I can compare and contrast Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X. Martin Luther King Jr. Malcolm X
  14. 5. I can compare and contrast Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X. Martin Luther King Jr. Malcolm X Pastor of Sixteenth Avenue Baptist Church, Atlanta Founded Southern Christian Leadership Conference Led Montgomery Bus Boycott Advocated non-violent civil disobedience Publicly opposed Vietnam War Assassinated by James Earl Ray, Memphis, 1968 Minister of Nation of Islam Advocated “Black Nationalism” Advocated self-defense “by any means necessary” Trip to Mecca Organized “Organization of African-American Unity Assassinated at Apollo Theater, Harlem, 1965
  15. 6. I can explain the purpose of the Black Panthers. a militant African-American political organization formed in 1966 by Huey Newton & Bobby Seale to fight police brutality to provide services in the ghetto seek full employment provide decent housing advocated violence to achieve what was long denied to A-A’s: fair treatment, civil rights, equal opportunity
  16. Bobby Seale Huey Newton
  17. 7. I can discuss what happened to Emmett Till. Emmett Till
  18. 7. I can discuss what happened to Emmett Till. Emmett Till 14 year-old African-American boy from Chicago, Illinois visiting his relatives in Mississippi murdered after reportedly flirting with a white woman 21-year-old Carolyn Bryant Bryant's husband Roy and his half-brother J. W. Milam transported him to a barn, beat him and gouged out one of his eyes, before shooting him through the head and disposing of his body in the Tallahatchie River his mother, who had raised him mostly by herself, insisted on a public funeral service with an open casket to show the world the brutality of the killing
  19. 7. I can discuss what happened to Emmett Till. Emmett Till increased black support and white sympathy for civil rights focused scrutiny on the condition of black civil rights in Mississippi Bryant and Milam were acquitted of Till's kidnapping and murder months later, protected against double jeopardy … … they admitted to killing him!
  20. 8. I can explain Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas. Linda Brown 12 year old suit to allow her to attend a school 7 blocks away rather than a mile through railway switchyard Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas - 1954 overturned “separate but equal” doctrine established by Plessy vs. Ferguson – 1896 subsequent case ordered “desegregation” with “all deliberate speed!”
  21. Thurgood Marshall
  22. 9. I can identify major civil rights legislation. Civil Rights Act – 1964 banned segregation in public accommodations schools, restaurants, hotels, lunch counters, theaters, restrooms, drinking fountains
  23. 9. I can identify major civil rights legislation. Twenty-fourth Amendment – 1964 Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax interpretation: outlawed the poll tax!
  24. 9. I can identify major civil rights legislation. Voting Rights Act - 1965 outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S. outlawed literacy tests in order to register to vote a principal means by which Southern states had prevented African Americans from exercising the franchise signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson
  25. 9. I can identify major civil rights legislation. Civil Rights Act – 1968 provided for equal housing opportunities regardless of race, creed, or national origin banned discrimination in housing addressing issue of “Sundown Towns”
  26. 11. I can describe the progress made with women’s rights. Feminism belief that women should have economic, political, and social equality with men Women in workplace 1950: 1 in 3 work for wages 1960: more than 40 % had jobs outside the home 1/3 of nation’s work force job & wage discrimination so-called “women’s work” paid less clerical, domestic service, retail sales, social work, teaching, nursing, etc …
  27. 11. I can describe the progress made with women’s rights. Betty Freidan “The Feminine Mystique” - 1963 “is this all?” highlighted the discontent felt by many suburban women N.O.W. National Organization of Women pushed for more child-care facilities improved educational opportunities for women urged EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission) to prosecute gender discrimination cases began to change idea of traditional male-only jobs
  28. 12. I can describe the effect that busing programs had on integration. Desegregated busing also known as forced busing or simply busing is the practice of assigning and transporting students to schools in such a manner as to redress prior racial segregation of schools, or to overcome the effects of residential segregation on local school demographics
  29. 14. I can identify the American Indian Movement. American Indian Movement formed to address issues concerning the Native American urban community in Minneapolis poverty, housing, treaty issues, and police harassment "Trail of Broken Treaties“ October 1971 - protest in Washington, D.C. seized the Bureau of Indian Affairs national headquarters Wounded Knee protest February 27, 1973 71-day siege occupation was symbolically held at the site of the 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre
  30. 14. I can identify the American Indian Movement. American Indian Movement "Pine Ridge shootout“ June 1975 two FBI agents were killed The Occupation of Alcatraz by the group Indians of All Tribes (IAT) lasted nineteen months November 20, 1969, to June 11, 1971 forcibly ended by the U.S. government
  31. 15. I can identify the Stonewall Riots and the LGBT Movement. Stonewall Riots a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay community against a police raid early morning hours of June 28, 1969, at the Stonewall Inn in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of New York City widely considered to constitute the single most important event leading to the gay liberation movement and the modern fight for gay and lesbian rights in the United States
  32. 15. I can identify the Stonewall Riots and the LGBT Movement. LGBT Movement lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender social movements goal of movement is social equality advocate for the full acceptance of LGBT people in society also called gay rights or gay and lesbian rights work towards goal of liberation from heterosexism and homophobia
  33. 15. I can identify the Stonewall Riots and the LGBT Movement. "For the lesbian and gay movement, then, cultural goals include (but are not limited to) challenging dominant constructions of masculinity and femininity, homophobia, and the primacy of the gendered heterosexual nuclear family. Political goals include changing laws and policies in order to gain new rights, benefits, and protections from harm.“ Sociologist Mary Bernstein
  34. 16. I can identify Cesar Chavez and the Chicano Movement. Cesar Chavez an American farm worker, labor leader and civil rights activist founded the United Farm Workers Union, UFW Chicano Movement also called the Chicano Civil Rights Movement is an extension of the Mexican American Civil Rights Movement began in the 1940s stated goal of achieving Mexican American empowerment
  35. 17. I can explain the Watergate Scandal. Watergate Scandal a political scandal that occurred in the 1970’s result of the June 17, 1972, break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters located in Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C. attempted cover-up of its involvement led to the resignation of Richard Nixon on August 9, 1974 the only resignation of a U.S. President also resulted in the indictment, trial, conviction, and incarceration of forty-three persons, dozens of whom were Nixon's top administration officials
  36. 17. I can explain the Watergate Scandal. CREEP Committee to Re-Elect the President John Mitchell former Attorney General Plumbers fixed “leaks” Washington Post Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein “All the President’s Men” Deep Throat Mark Felt
  37. Deep Throat – Mark Felt Woodward & Bernstein
  38. 17. I can explain the Watergate Scandal. Watergate Hearings Sam Ervin Watergate Tapes “executive privilege” transcripts “smoking gun” Impeachment obstruction of justice Resignation August 9, 1974 Pardon President Gerald Ford
  39. 17. I can explain the Watergate Scandal. In all the decisions I have made in my public life, I have always tried to do what was best for the Nation. Throughout the long and difficult period of Watergate, I have felt it was my duty to persevere, to make every possible effort to complete the term of office to which you elected me. In the past few days, however, it has become evident to me that I no longer have a strong enough political base in the Congress to justify continuing that effort. As long as there was such a base, I felt strongly that it was necessary to see the constitutional process through to its conclusion, that to do otherwise would be unfaithful to the spirit of that deliberately difficult process and a dangerously destabilizing precedent for the future….
  40. 17. I can explain the Watergate Scandal. I would have preferred to carry through to the finish whatever the personal agony it would have involved, and my family unanimously urged me to do so. But the interest of the Nation must always come before any personal considerations. From the discussions I have had with Congressional and other leaders, I have concluded that because of the Watergate matter I might not have the support of the Congress that I would consider necessary to back the very difficult decisions and carry out the duties of this office in the way the interests of the Nation would require.
  41. 17. I can explain the Watergate Scandal. I have never been a quitter. To leave office before my term is completed is abhorrent to every instinct in my body. But as President, I must put the interest of America first. America needs a full-time President and a full-time Congress, particularly at this time with problems we face at home and abroad. To continue to fight through the months ahead for my personal vindication would almost totally absorb the time and attention of both the President and the Congress in a period when our entire focus should be on the great issues of peace abroad and prosperity without inflation at home. Therefore, I shall resign the Presidency effective at noon tomorrow. Vice President Ford will be sworn in as President at that hour in this office. Richard Nixon
  42. 18. I can identify what started the environmental movement.
  43. 18. I can identify what started the environmental movement. Rachel Carson Marine biologist Silent Spring – 1962 questioned use of pesticides sprayed on crops claimed they poisoned the food they meant to protect killed birds and fish DDT made way through food chain a threat to humans outlawed in 1972 sold half a million copies in 6 months criticized by chemical companies
  44. 18. I can identify what started the environmental movement. Clean Air Act – 1963 regulated automotive/industrial emissions Earth Day April 22, 1970 activities to spotlight: pollution, toxic waste, dwindling natural resources Environmental Protection Agency – 1970 established by Richard Nixon set/enforce pollution standards conduct environmental research assist state/local governments in pollution control
  45. 20. I can define liberalism and conservatism. liberalism conservatism
  46. 20. I can define liberalism and conservatism. liberalism conservatism
  47. 21. I can identify Ronald Reagan’s economic policies. Reaganomics reduce the growth of government spending spending during Reagan's two terms (1981–88) averaged 22.4% GDP well above the 20.6% GDP average from 1971 to 2009 public debt rose from 26% GDP in 1980 to 41% GDP by 1988 in dollar terms, the public debt rose from $712 billion in 1980 to $2,052 billion in 1988, a roughly three-fold increase the national debt rose from $900 billion to $2.8 trillion during Reagan's tenure reduce the federal income tax and capital gains tax Tax Reform Act of 1986 sought to eliminate deductions, lower rates for the wealthy, and significantly raise taxes on those earning less than $50,000
  48. 21. I can identify Ronald Reagan’s economic policies. Reaganomics reduce government regulation campaigned on the promise of rolling back environmental regulations promoted the deregulation of finance, agriculture, and transportation promote “laissez-faire” policies “supply-side” economics “trickle-down” economics due to the significant cuts in the upper tax brackets
  49. 21. I can identify Ronald Reagan’s economic policies. Poverty from 1980–1988, the poverty level ranged from a low of 13.0% in 1980 and 1988 to a high of 15.2% in 1983 in the closing weeks of his presidency, Reagan told The New York Times that the homeless "make it their own choice for staying out there“
  50. 22. I can explain the events of September 11, 2001.
  51. 22. I can explain the events of September 11, 2001.
  52. 22. I can explain the events of September 11, 2001. Al-Qaeda global militant Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Laden between August 1988and late 1989 origins being traceable to the Soviet War in Afghanistan operates as a network comprising both a multinational, stateless armyand a radical Sunni Muslim movement calling for global Jihad and a strict interpretation of sharia law theocracy civil rulers are leaders of the dominant religion led to war on terror Afghanistan, Iraq, Patriot Act