the bird and the stream what do riparian areas mean to birds
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The Bird and The Stream: What do Riparian Areas Mean to Birds?. Birds are cool. Do you know what part-time Montana avian resident has the longest migration route?

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Birds are cool...
  • Do you know what part-time Montana avian resident has the longest migration route?
  • The Wandering Albatross has the longest wingspan of any bird in the world at 11 FEET! Can you guess what bird has the longest wingspan in Montana?
  • The Brown-headed Cowbird: A Real Avian “Rustler”
bird id a 5 step process

Bird ID – a 5 step process

Habitat

Bird shape

Field marks (not just color!)

Behavior

Songs & calls

bird id a 5 step process4

Bird ID – a 5 step process

Habitat- different birds live in different places

Shape & posture of the bird

Plumage and color- using field marks you can ID a bird in a flash!

Behavior- how is the bird foraging?

Songs and calls- many birds literally sing out their names!

definitions of riparian and habitat
Definitions of “Riparian” and “Habitat”
  • Riparian:Describes the area next to a stream, river, creek or other small body of water
  • Habitat:The physical location or type of environment in which a plant or animal lives. A home.
slide8
What percent of Montana’s landscape is riparian?

TWO PERCENT (2%)

  • What percent of Montana’s bird species breed in riparian areas?

SIXTY PERCENT (60%)

warning riparian birds declining
Warning: Riparian Birds Declining
  • Great Blue Herons down 81%
  • Blue-winged Teal down 72%
  • Killdeer down 80%
  • Belted King Fisher down 88%

What should this tell us???

threats to montana s riparian areas
Threats to Montana’s Riparian Areas
  • Residential Development
  • Urban Pollution
  • Extractive Industries (Mining, logging, etc.)
  • Infrastructure development/improvements
  • Global Climate Change
slide12
Heavy Metals and Arsenic
  • Highly Acidic Soils (Acid Rock or Mine Drainage)
  • Constant toxic threats to the environment
  • Low insect/fish populations
  • Severely limited/damaged plant communities
bird id a 5 step process14

Bird ID – a 5 step process

Habitat- different birds live in different places

Shape & posture of the bird

Plumage and color- using field marks you can ID a bird in a flash!

Behavior- how is the bird foraging?

Songs and calls- many birds literally sing out their names!

slide15
Identifying birds by shape

Fowl

Raptors

Waterfowl & marsh birds

slide16
Identifying birds by shape

Passerines or songbirds

Non-passerine landbirds

And bird shapes are just the beginning! You can also look at the bird’s posture, bill type, feet, etc...

bird id a 5 step process18

Bird ID – a 5 step process

Habitat- different birds live in different places

Shape & posture of the bird

Plumage and color- using field marks you can ID a bird in a flash!

Behavior- how is the bird foraging?

Songs and calls- many birds literally sing out their names!

slide19
Learning the field marks...
  • Names of field marks are precise
  • However-- multiple names for the same part do exist...
bird id a 5 step process20

Bird ID – a 5 step process

Habitat- different birds live in different places

Shape & posture of the bird

Plumage and color- using field marks you can ID a bird in a flash!

Behavior- how is the bird foraging?

Songs and calls- many birds literally sing out their names!

bird id a 5 step process22

Bird ID – a 5 step process

Habitat- different birds live in different places

Shape & posture of the bird

Plumage and color- using field marks you can ID a bird in a flash!

Behavior- how is the bird foraging?

Songs and calls - many birds literally sing out their names!

slide25
Least Flycatcher

Willow

Flycatcher

Dusky Flycatcher

american goldfinch
AmericanGoldfinch

Says “potato chip” really fast

quiz time
Quiz time! 

Open your eyes and your ears as we try to match birds to their calls…

slide35
Willow Flycatcher

American Goldfinch

Song Sparrow

Yellow Warbler

slide36
Song Sparrow

Birdsong 1

Birdsong 4

Birdsong 2

Birdsong 3

slide37
American Robin

Red-Naped Sapsucker

Brown-Headed Cowbird

American Goldfinch

slide38
Birdsong 1

Birdsong 2

Birdsong 3

Cedar Waxwing

Birdsong 4

slide39
Black-Capped Chickadee

Red-Naped Sapsucker

Brown-Headed Cowbird

Common Yellowthroat

slide40
American Goldfinch

Birdsong 1

Birdsong 2

Birdsong 3

Birdsong 4

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