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Imperial China and the spread of Buddhism Tang Dynasty and Sung (AKA Song) Dynasty. Both political leaders Used state money to help Spread the Buddhist religion. . Emperor Taizong Empress Wu Zetian.

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imperial china and the spread of buddhism tang dynasty and sung aka song dynasty

Imperial China and the spread of BuddhismTang Dynasty and Sung (AKA Song) Dynasty

Both political leaders

Used state money to help

Spread the Buddhist religion.

.

Emperor TaizongEmpress Wu Zetian

slide2

500 400 300 200 100 * 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400BuddhismSpreads Quickly Buddha In India Confucius in China

Tang Sung

Dynasty Dynasty

THE GOLDEN AGE

they had extra so they could spend time
They had extra $$ so they could spend time :
  • Inventing
  • Painting
  • Writing
  • Studying
  • Sculpting
  • This will be the beginning of their Golden Age.
slide7

Before printing was invented, knowledge could only be passed on my word of mouth, or by extremely expensive handwritten manuscripts.

  • Not only was it expensive, but it was slow, and there was no guarantee each copy would be the same.
slide9
Images and print were carved into a page size, block of wood. This was an easier (and cheaper) to way to copies of books.
during this time when print was available to many more people emperor taizong
During this time when print was available to many more people Emperor Taizong

sent representatives to India to collect

Buddhist texts (writings).

  • These Sutras (Buddhist

Scriptures) were

Translated into Chinese

And printed so that

Greater numbers of

People learned about

Buddhism.

slide12
As a side note, Emperor Taizong also paid for Buddhist paintings and sculptures to be spread around the empire .
slide15

Definition of a Monastary:

  • A building occupied by people who have dedicated their lives to a religion. They live, work and worship together and have no personal possessions. They take vows and follow strict rules of conduct.
these monasteries provided many services for the common people
These Monasteries provided many services for the common people.
  • They housed people who were traveling.
  • They ran schools.
  • They provided medical care.
  • They provided seed for poor farmers.
  • Basically, they helped those who needed help.
  • Social actions like these helped Buddhism to spread.
2 gunpowder was also invented during the tang dynasty
2. Gunpowder was also invented during the Tang Dynasty.
  • In Chinese, gunpowder is called huoyao, meaning flaming medicine.
  • Unlike the inventions of paper and printing, the birth of gunpowder was accidental. It was first invented by chemists that were attempting to make a flaming “elixir of immorality”.
slide18
Fire had always been used as a weapon that was delivered into enemy camps in China.Oxen with flaming straw on their tails.
slide21
This is what their earliest bombs looked like.These bombs could help to break through a fortified wall .
  • A flower bomb A ball Bomb
the tang dynasty perfected something we hate
The Tang Dynasty perfected something we hate.

State Assessments!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

slide24

The justification for the Chinese Imperial Exams was that appointees to leadership positions were not to be chosen through special or inherited privilege, but through an individual's own abilities.

  • If you studied hard enough, you could make it to the top.
  • There is a word for this. It is called meritocracy.

Rising to the top through your own hard work (Merit).

slide25

Theoretically, any male adult in China, regardless of his wealth or social status, could become a high-ranking government scholar-official by passing the imperial examination.

  • These exams lasted for days. Only 2 out of 100 passed.
slide26

Those who passed these exams were selected for administrative positions. This meant that their clans or families also rose in social class and wealth.A Scholar-Official A peasant

slide27
Of course, peasants usually didn’t have the money to educate their children but in theory, it was possible.
it was a dynasty of prosperity and education
It was a dynasty of prosperity and education.
  • Literature, science, technology, art, and poetry flourished.
the sung song dynasty
The Sung (Song) Dynasty
  • Technology continued to advance.
  • They created manufactured goods to export to other areas of the world.
  • The Arts flourished.
  • A combination of Buddhism and Confucianism were added to the civil service exams. (This was called Neo – Confucianism .) A scholar-official
this was a period of great prosperity for china

This was a period of great prosperity for China.

(The Sung family led China about the same time that the Crusades were taking place around the Mediterranean.)

they began to manufacture many things and export them to willing buyers
They began to manufacture many things and export them to willing buyers.

3. Cast Iron Steel (What they make cannons out of.)

manufacture
Manufacture:
  • The organized action of making of goods for sale
  • To create or produce something in a mechanical way.
during the sung dynasty they improved upon their printing techniques
During the Sung Dynasty they improved upon their printing techniques.
  • They invented “Movable Type” (4.).
  • They had a cast iron base where they could slide in individual characters.
slide39

All these inventions:

  • Paper
  • Wood-block printing
  • Movable type printing

Contributed to the spread of Learning In China.

with printing becoming more efficient they began to print paper money 5
With printing becoming more efficient they began to print paper money (5.) .
  • Before: After:
  • Paper money made trading much easier.
a very important navigational tool was designed during the sung dynasty
A very important navigational tool was designed during The Sung Dynasty.
  • The Compass (6.)

Before the invention of the compass, ships were frequently lost in the big oceans and the consequences would be deadly.

slide42

The magnet inside the compass automatically remains parallel to the Prime Meridian.The needle automatically points to the North and South Pole.

  • They called it the south-pointing Fish!
by finding the north and south poles they would know which way to steer their ships
By finding the north and south poles, they would know which way to steer their ships.
  • Europeans didn’t use a compass until 150 years later!
slide44

All of these things that were important in China spread across the Yellow Sea and the Sea of Japan to influence the people of Japan. Japan

  • China
slide45
The last thing we have to talk about is the morphing of Confucianism and Buddhism into something called Neo-Confucianism.
confucius says peace and social order come by acting right in all of our relationships
Confucius says:Peace and social order come by acting “right” in all of our relationships.
  • “Those above should be kind to those below.”

Ruler Father Older Sibling Husband Friend

Subject Son Younger Sibling Wife Friend

  • “Those below should Respect and Obey those above.”
this is a simplified version of how confucian thought changed during the sung dynasty
This is a simplified version of how Confucian thought changed during the Sung Dynasty.
  • That meant the leaders and

scholars all studied this “new”

belief-system to pass the

civil-service exams.

the sung dynasty came to an end when invading foreigners came from the north
The Sung Dynasty came to an end when invading foreigners came from the North.
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mongol_Empire_map.gif

Click on Interactive map of Mongol invasions.

go back through your notes and tell me
Go back through your notes and tell me:
  • What 6 life-changing items were invented during the Tang and Sung Dynasties?

2. What did the political leader named Emperor Taizongdo to introduce China to Buddhism?

3. How did scholar-officials get their chance to work for the government?

4. How did Confucian thought change during the Sung Dynasty?