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Notes- Imperial China

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  1. Notes- Imperial China KC 3.2.I. Continuity and Innovation of State Forms

  2. Rise of Imperial China • Centralized imperial rule will return to China during the 6th century under the Sui, Tang, and Song Dynasties. • During this time period: - Rapid economic development - Spread of Buddhism - Chinese culture spreads to Korea, Vietnam, Japan, and central Asia

  3. The Sui Dynasty • Reunification by Yang Jian in 589 • The Sui will a. Construct palaces and granaries b. repair the Great Wall c. Have high taxes and compulsory labor services

  4. The Sui dynasty • Built the Grand Canal which was a waterway linking the Yellow and Yangzi Rivers

  5. The fall of the Sui

  6. The Tang Dynasty • Era of stability and prosperity • Extensive network of transportation and communication • Equal Field System: land allotted according to needs

  7. The Tang Dynasty • Bureaucracy of merit through civil service exams • Foreign Relations a. China is the Middle Kingdom and center of civilization b. tributary system became diplomatic policy

  8. The Tang decline • Careless leadership • Rebellion on An Lushan and large scale peasant rebellions • The Uighars (Chinese Muslims) become the de facto rulers • The equal field system deteriorated

  9. The Song Dynasty • Song Taizu is the founder • Weaknesses: 1. Financial problems 2. Military problems 3. External Pressures: semi-nomadic Khitan and nomadic Jurchen

  10. Economic Development of Tang and Song • Fast- ripening rice increased food supplies • New agricultural techniques increase population • Urbanization and commercialized agriculture

  11. Economic Development of Tang and Song • Porcelain diffused rapidly • Gunpowder is used and diffused throughout Eurasia • Printing is developed from wood block to movable type • Magnetic compasses with a south- pointing needle are developed

  12. Economic Development of Tang and Song • A market economy emerges with the increase of merchants • Credit and paper money develop • China’s economic surge is fueled by economic growth

  13. Cultural Change during the Song and Tang Neo-Confucianism Zen Buddhism Focuses on the idea that human nature is moral, rational and essentially good Emphasized the spiritual side of Confucianism Asserted that mental discipline could achieve salvation Focuses on meditation Derived from India and Tibet