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Chapter 3 Native Texans - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter 3 Native Texans. Section 1 Ancient Texans. First peoples migrated from Siberia along the land bridge crossing the Bering Strait How do we know who the people are or how they got here? Archaeologists - study evidence of past civilizations Artifacts - bones, baskets, shells, tools.

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section 1 ancient texans
Section 1Ancient Texans
  • First peoples migrated from Siberia along the land bridge crossing the Bering Strait
    • How do we know who the people are or how they got here?
        • Archaeologists- study evidence of past civilizations
        • Artifacts- bones, baskets, shells, tools
hunting for food
Hunting for food
  • Stone Age- 10,000+ years ago
  • Hunting large animals – mastodon, mammoth, bison
  • Followed herds of animals
  • Atlatl
  • Flint tipped spears
  • Archaic Age- 8000 years ago
    • Hunted smaller game, warmer temps, tools of stone and bone.
    • Hunted and gathered – not so nomadic but still roamed
hunters to farmers
Hunters to Farmers
  • Central American Indians first to grow food
  • 100 AD Texans adopted this method
    • How does farming change a culture?
      • Increase in population due to the availability of food
      • Nomadic living in the past
      • Villages can grow
      • Complex societies/governments/religious activities
cultures emerge
Cultures Emerge
  • Cultures- groups of people expressing and conducting themselves
  • Southeastern
  • Gulf
  • Pueblo
  • Plains
section 2 southeastern and gulf cultures
Section 2Southeastern and Gulf Cultures
  • All early people believed that spirits caused major earth catastrophes as well as the changes in seasons
  • Humans and animals could communicate
  • Harmonious with the Earth
  • Some peaceful by nature some warring
se farmers and gathers caddos
SE farmers and gathersCaddos
  • 24 groups make up their confederacy
  • In Texas groups were matrilineal
  • Government
    • Headed by 2 leaders
    • War and peace leader and religious leader
    • Men and women held positions in govt.
    • Most productive agriculturally and most numerous
    • Farmers and great fishermen
    • Lived in permanent villages- dome shaped
    • Warring nation
coahuiltecans
Coahuiltecans
  • South Texas Plain- nomadic
  • Bows and arrows
  • Hunted javelina, deer, bison
  • Dried plants to use as flour
  • Women